Language: Powhatan
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Machapunga were a sedentary coastal hunter/farmer tribe. They occupied the peninsula between Albemarle Sound and the Pamilco River. They suffered from conflicts with Whites and neighboring tribes, and eventually absorbed into the local culture, some joining the Tuscarora.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
NC   Machapunga (2), Bear River (1)
Present Locations
Extinct, though a few may have joined the Tuscarora and a few mixed blood remnants remain in their aboriginal territory
Year History
1585 Contact with Raleigh colony established on Roanoke Island
1701 Reduced to a single village
1711 Joined other tribes in Tuscarora War
1712 Settled with Coree on Mattamuskeet Lake
1761 Reported in same place, some baptized by Rev. Alex Stewart
Year Total NC Pop. Source
1600 1,200   Mooney estimate
1700 100 NAHDB calculation
1701 100   Lawson estimate
1761 25   Rev. Alex Stewart
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Chowanoc, Hatteras, Moratok, Pamilco, Powhatan, Weapemeoc
Machapunga Sites:
Cultural Anthropology of Indian Villages
Indian Trader John Lawson's Journal
Machapunga Indian Tribe
Remnants of the Machapunga Indians of NC
Powhatan Dictionary
Powhatan Language
Powhatan Language
Powhatan Linguistic Lineage

Last updated 11/26/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press