Language: Yakima
Family: Shahaptin
Stock: Plateau Penutian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 69   1996 
     The Klikitat were sedentary, relied heavily on fishing, and were avid traders including the trading of slaves. They lived on the south side of the Columbia River between The Dalles and the Washington border.  They suffered enormously from the White influx even though they had good relations with the early White traders.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR with up to 5 villages
Oregon Present Locations
WA  Yakima Reservation, Toppenish
Year History
1750 Had moved to north side of Columbia River
1792 Visited by Robert Gray and John Boit, and later by Capt. George Vancouverr
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark who wintered at Fort Clatsop near present Astoria
1811 Astoria founded; David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1820 Began a 10 year venture south taking advantage fever ridden Willamette tribed
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population 80%)
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1847 Measles epidemic
1855 Yakima Reservation created
1859 Joined in Yakima treaty at Camp Stevens ceding lands to US, most settled on Yakima Reservation
Year Total Population OR  WA  Source
Arrival 600 600
1700 600 600 NAHDB calculation
1780 600 600 Mooney estimate
1800 700 700 NAHDB calculation
1806 700 Lewis and Clark
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into Yakima)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Klikitat Sites:
... And Woman Wove it in a Basket
Klickitat Basket
Klickitat Basket
Klickitat Basketry
Klickitat Baskets
Klikitat Basket
Klikitat Basket
Klickitat Ceremonial Masks
Klickitat Hatchery
Klickitat Indian
Klickitat Indian History
Klikitat:  The Quiet Mountain
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural
Mt. Saint Helens Legend
Sahaptin Dictionary
Sam, Mary, Basketweaver ...
Yakama Indian Language
... Yakama Nation
Yakama Vocabulary
Yakima Language
Yakima Linguistic Lineage
Watlala Indian Tribe

Last updated 11/08/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press