Ethnie: KAW (KANSA)
Dialect: Kansa
Language: Dhegihan
Family Mississippi Valley Siouan 
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
Speakers      19 speakers (1990 Census)
      The Kaw were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe.  They were closely related to the Omaha, Osage, Ponca, and Quapaw near whom they lived in the region of the Ohio and Wabash Rivers prior to 1500.  They soon thereafter removed to along the Kansas River in the northeastern portion of the state.  Large numbers died in the epidemics of the late 1800's.  Kaw Charles Curtis became Vice-President of the United States on 1928.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
KA (21), MO (2)
Present Locations
OK  Kaw Tribe, Pawnee
Year History
1500 Omaha group separated from the Kaw and Quapaw in the region of the Wabash and Ohio Rivers
1541 Probably met Coronado, called "Guaes"
1542 Father Juan de Padilla, a priest who had accompanied Coronado, returned to Kansas. He hoped to bring Christianity to the Indians. He was killed, however, by the Indians he tried to help. Father Padilla is said to have been the first Christian martyr in America
1686 Arkansas Post established
1693 Began trading with French traders
1724 M. Etienne Venyard, Sieur de Bourgmont, made contact with  Kaw in present Doniphan County
1725 Fort Orleans is destroyed by Kansa Indians
1795 Fur-trading Chouteau family begin trading with Kansa  Indians
1804 Met and gave assistance to Lewis and Clark
1815 Treaty with the Kansa, A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded at St. Louis between Ninian Edwards and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of one part; and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors of the Kanza Tribe of Indians, on the part and behalf of their said tribe, of the other part
1820 The Federal government began moving the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw and Chickasaw) of the Southeast to lands West of the Mississippi River,  Indian Territory included present day Oklahoma North and East of the Red River; as well as Kansas and Nebraska
1822 Allied with Osage to protect to protect territories from tribes migrating from the east
1830 Removal Act of 1830 uprooted the Kickapoo,  Shawnee, Delaware, Potawatomie, Wyandot, Ottawa, Chippewa,  Iowa, Miami, Sac, and Fox tribes
1832 Kickapoo, Potawatomie, Kaskaskia, Peoria, Wea and Piankeshaw  Indian reservations are established in Kansas
1836 Sauk, Fox, and Iowa Indians are moved to Kansas
1840 Miami Indians are moved to Kansas
1843 Wyandot Indians settle on reservation in eastern Kansas, establish city of Wyandot (Kansas City, Kansas)
1846 Kansa Indians cede 2 millions acres of land and relocate southeast of Council Grove
1873 Reservation sold, purchased land in Oklahoma
1892 Kaw Charles Curtis elected to Congress on Republican ticket
1907 Charles Curtis elected to United States Senate
1924 Charles Curtis became Republican leader in Senate
1828 Charles Curtis, (Topeka) Kansas U.S. Senator was elected Vice-President under Herbert Hoover
1832 At the Olympics in Los Angeles, Vice-President Charles Curtis gave the opening address
1836 Kaw Glen Cunningham set world record in one mile run, Charles Curtis died
Year Total Population KA MO OK Source
1700 3,000 2,700 300 NAHDB calculation
1780 3,000 Mooney estimate
1800 2,000 1,800 200 NAHDB calculation
1804 1,050 Lewis and Clark
1815 1,500 Swanton
1822 1,850 Swanton
1829 1,200 Porter estimate
1843 1,588 US Indian Office
1900 400 400 NAHDB calculation 
1910 209 Census
1923 420 US Indian Office
1930 318 Census
1937 515 US Indian Office
1981 617 BIA
1989 559 BIA estimate
2000 2,500 2,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Osage, Quapaw
Kaw Sites:
Baronet Vasquez:  Kansa Indian Agent
Curtis, Charles
Curtis, Charles, and the Kaw Reservation
Curtis, Charles, Timeline
Fort Leavenworth
Furthering their Own Demise:  Kansa Death Customs
Kansa Authors
Kansa Indian Agency
Kansa Indian Warrior - Kansas Capitol Dome
Kansas Indian Tribe
Kansa Indian Tribe History
Kansa Indian Tribe History and Culture
Kansa/Kaw Indians
Kansas/Kanza/Kaw Nation
Kaw Indian Cemetery
Kaw Langauge
Kaw Linguistic Lineage
Kaw Mission
Kaw Mission State Historic Site
Kaw Nation
Kaw Nation
Kaw or Kansas Indian Tribe
Kaw Tribe:  A Visit ...
Kaw Wedding Customs
Treaty with the Kansa Tribe
Voices of the Wind People: ...
White Migration Ravaged Kansas Indians with Disease
Wyandotte County Historical Society ...

Last updated 11/07/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press