Karankawan Tribes



Language: Karankawa
Family Karankawa
Stock: Karankawa
Phylum: Karankawa
Macro-Culture: Texas
Speakers Language extinct
      The Karankawans were nomadic hunter/gatherer tribes of the Texas gulf coast.  They were considered to be bellicose, said to be tall in stature, and reported to be cannibals.  They relied primarily on the sea shore for subsistence but occasionally traveled inland to hunt buffalo.  They were met early in history by Cabeza de Vaca and were eventually exterminated by Spanish and French aggression and White introduced disease.
Aboriginal Locations (Tribes)
TX    Chorruco, Choaque, Coapite, Coco, Copane, Cujane, Doguene, Esquien, Estepisa, Karankawa
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture though remnants remain in Texas and Mexico
Year History
1528 Met a shipwrecked Cabeza de Vaca who was the treasurer on the Narvaez expedition who remained in the area for eight years among the Choaque
1685 Visited by La Salle who built Ft. St. Louis on the site, remained for two eyars
1689 Spanish under Alonzo de Leon arrived to attack mission but Karankawa had already killed all but five of French, Spanish burned remains of fort, Spanish began unsuccessful missionization attempts
1721 French Captain Beranger recorded some Karankawan vocabulary
1722 Spanish established a fort and mission at La Bahia
179X Epidemics
1820 Bernard La Harpe crossed territory
1839 Smallpox epidemic
1870 Had vanished shortly before Civil War, believed to have been killed by Whites
Year Total TX Population Source
1690 2,800 Mooney est.
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Karankawan Sites:
Coastal Indians of Texas
Indians of Pasadena
Karankawa Authors
Karankawa Fact Sheet
Karankawa Indian History
Karankawa Indians
Karankawa Indians
Karankawa Indians
Karankawa Indians
Karankawa Indian Timeline
Karankawan Indian Tribe
Karankawa Language
Karankawa Language
Karankawa Language
Karankawa Tribe
Letter to La Salle
Mission Espiritu de Zuniga
Mysterious Theodosia
Who Were the Karankawas?

Last updated 11/07/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press