Kalapuyan Tribes



Language: Kalapuyan
Family: Kalapuyan
Stock: Kalapuyan
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 1 or 2 1962 Chafe
     The Kalapuyan Tribes were semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribes who lived in the valley of the Willamette River and its tributaries.  Their population declined rapidly with the arrival of Whites though they had long time been victims of slaving raids from the Columbia River tribes.
Tribes (Villages)
Ahantchuyuk (?), Aflati (24), Chelamela (?), Chepenafa (?),  Kalapuya (5 bands), Luckiamute (6 bands), Santiam (4 bands),  Yamhill (6 bands), Yoncalla (2 bands?)
Oregon Present Locations
Confederated into the Confederated Tribes of Grande Ronde
Year History
1792 Arrival of first Whites
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic, combined 80% population loss
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1850 Influx of prospectors and settlers
1855 Removed to Grand Ronde Reservation
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 3,000 Mooney estimate
1800 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1880 351 Swanton (Kalapuya at Grand Ronde)
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into other Grand Ronde)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Kalapuya Sites:
Atfalati Indian History
Kalapuya and US Government
Kalapuya Creation Story
Kalapuya Language
Kalapuya Talking Stones
Kalapuya Legends
Kalapuyas of Clackamas County
Kalapuya:  Willamette Valley Indians
Mary's River Indians ...
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany
Tualatin Indians
Two Will Honor Ancestors ...

Last updated 11/07/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press