Language: Upper-Kuskoquim
Family: Tanana-Upper Kuskoquim
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Alaska





Speakers 75     (1997 Krausse)
      The Ingalik were a hunter/gatherer tribe of the sparsely populated Yukon Valley between Anvik and Holy Cross. They relied heavily on fishing and had little early White contact until the steamboat era. They nonetheless suffered greatly from smallpox.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
AK   Anvik-Shageluk, Bonasila, Holy Cross-Georgetown, McGrath (15)
Present Locations
AK   Doyon Limited, Fairbanks
Year History
1832 Russian trading station on Kuskokwin River
1834 Andre Glazunov explored Yukon River
1838 Smallpox epidemic
1867 Alaska purchase, steamboat era
1887 Episcopalian mission at Anvik
1888 Catholic mission at Holy Cross
Year AK Population   Source
  1,500   Snow aboriginal estimate
1700 1,500   NAHDB calculation
1800 1,500   NAHDB calculation
1832 1,500   Snow estimate
1844 900   Snow
1900 600   Snow
1900 600   NAHDB calculation
1934 500   Snow
1974 530   Snow
2000 800   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Ingalik Sites
Crooked Creek
Degexit' an Language
Doyon Limited
Ingalik Authors
Kuskoquim Language
Kuskoquim Linguistic Lineage
Yukon River Notes

Last updated 04/09/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press