Dialect Hidatsa
Language: Crow-Hidatsa
Family Missouri Valley
Stock: Siouan
Phylum: Macro-Siouan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
Speakers                              100 (1986) SIL
     The Hidatsa were a sedentary Plains River Culture hunter/farmer tribe.  Their villages were situated in North Dakota along the Missouri River between the Heart and Little Missouri Rivers.  They had moved there from Devil's Lake sometime prior to White arrival.  They were active traders.  Lewis and Clark found them on the Knife River.  They were allied from their close allies, the Mandan.  The Crow separated from the Hidatsa in two fissions in the 16th and 18th centuries.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
Mit-the-ro'ka ('knife'), Min-ne-p-ta ('water'), Bho-h'-ta (`lodge'),  Seech-ka-be-ruh-p'ka (`prairie chicken'), E-tish-sho'-ka ('hill people'), Ah-nali-ha-n'-me-te (an unknown animal), E-ku'-p-be-ka ('bonnet').
Present Locations
ND  Fort Berthold Reservation, New Town
Year History
1450 Mountain Crow separated from the Hidatsa (approximate date)
1776 River Crow separated from the Hidatsa (may have been much earlier)
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark on the Knife River
1837 Smallpox epidemic, huge losses, tribe consolidated into one village
1845 Moved to area of present Fort Berthold
1851 Treaty of Ft. Laramie defined land boundaries; territory of Arikara, Mandan, and Hidatsa called Ft. Berthold; territory included parts of Montana, Wyoming, and North and South Dakota 
1891 Executive Orders reduced size of reservation from 13.5 million acres to .9 million acres
1954 Lost 152 thousand acres to Lake Sakakawea; stress caused considerable subsequent movement off of the reservation
Year Total ND Population Source
1700 6,500 NAHDB calculation (included Crow)
1780 2,500 Mooney estimate (Crow had separated)
1800 2,00 NAHDB calculation
1805 2,100 Lewis and Clark
1900 500 NAHDB calculation 
1905 471 Official
1910 547 Census
1923 528 US Indian Office
1930 528 Census
1937 731 US Indian Office
1989 1,000 BIA estimate
2000 1,100 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Hidatsa Sites:
Brothers Lead Efforts to Save Dying Hidatsa Language
Buffalo Bird Woman's Garden
Dakota/Hidatsa/Arikara Delegation Photo
Fort Atkinson
Garden Coulee
Hidatsa Authors
Hidatsa Economy
Hidatsa Indian
Hidatsa Indians
Hidatsa Indians
Hidatsa Indian Tribe History
Hidatsa Language
Hidatsa Language
Hidatsa Linguistic Lineage
Hidatsa Mandan Arikara Earth Lodge
Hidatsa Member Refines True Story of Sacajewea
Hidatsa Village Site - Knife River Indian Village NHS
Hidatsu Tribe - North Dakota Pioneers
Kinship and Clans of Hidatsa and Mandan
Knife River Indian Villages NHP
Lewis & Clark - Tribes - Mandan
Mandan/Arikara Photo
MHA Nation
Mossett Brings Respect to Sacajewea
Rattles and Thrapples
Sacajewea ...
Sacajewea Before the Expedition
Sacajewea Mystique
Sacajewea's Life Leaves Questions
Sacajewea?  Sakakawea?  Sacagawea?
Sun Dance
Three Affiliated Tribes Earthlodge Dwelling
Turtle Island Storyteller Calvin Grinnell
White Man's Road is Easier
Who Was Sacajewea?

Last updated 03/26/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press