Language: Hailhzaqvla
Family: Northern Wakashan
Stock: Wakashan
Phylum: Wakashan
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 300   (1991 M. Dale Kincade)  
      The Heiltsuk were a maritime dialectic group located from Rivers Inlet to Douglas Channel in British Columbia. They traded with the Whites from first contact. The ethnie suffered from significantly from White introduced diseases. A great deal of the cultural tradition was lost with the banning of the potlatch.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC    Heiltsuk (5)
Present Locations
BC   Heiltsuk Indian Band, Waglisla (Bella Bella)
Year History
1775 Visited by Bodega and Maurelle, and immediately after by English and American explorers and traders
1792 Visited by Juan Zayas
1793 Visited by Capt. George Vancouver
1843 Hudson Bay post Ft. McLoughlin established
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1884 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
189X Moved village to present location
1918 Flu epidemic
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 2,000   NAHDB calculation
1780 2,000   Mooney estimate
1800 2,000   NAHDB calculation
1889 367   CDIA
1890 204   Dominion of Canada
1900 200   NAHDB calculation
1906 852   Swanton (Including Haisla)
1977 1,200   SIL
2000 2,000   NAHDB calculation
2001 2,067   Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
2005 2,870   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Heiltsuk Tribe Sites:
An Important Heiltsuk Site
Bella Bella native band bids for control of coast forest
Hailhzaqvla (Heiltsuk / Bella Bella)
Heltsuk Indian Band
Heiltsuk Language
Heiltsuk Language
Heiltsuk Linguistic Lineage
Heiltsuk Nation
Heiltsuk Nation
Heiltsuk Nation Condemns DFO at Office in Vancouver
Heiltsuk Nation Treaty
Heiltsuk-Oweek'ala Language
Urban Heiltsuk Dancers
Wakash Indians

Last updated 11/06/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press