Language: Powhatan
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
      The Hatteras were a small sedentary coastal hunter/farmer tribe. They were located on Cape Hatteras and Roanoke Island. They were closely related to the Powhatan. It was thought that the Hatteras showed traces of White blood, and may have been the mysterious Croatoan tribe with whom the Raliegh colony may have taken refuge (Lawson 1860).
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
NC    Sandbanks
Present Locations
Extinct, though are possibly represented as Croatoan in the Lumbee confederacy of NC, or may have joined a Powhatan tribe in VA
Year History
1585 Raleigh's colonists may have taken refuge with the Hatteras, thought Indians showed traces of White blood, called tribe "Croatoan"
1670 Smallpox epidemic sometime after this year
1761 First of 28 of tribe to be baptized by Rev. Alex Stewart, tribe soon disappeared, may have joined mainland Powhatan tribes
1855 North Carolina recognized Croatoan tribe
1885 Croatoan tribe renamed Lumbee
Year Total NC Pop. Source
1700 100 NAHDB calculation
1701 100   Swanton
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Chowanoc, Machapunga, Moratok, Pamilco, Powhatan, Weapemeoc
Hatteras Sites:
Cultural Anthropology of Indian Villages
Hatteeras Indian Tribe
Hateras, NC History
Indian Trader John Lawson's Journal
Lost Colony?
Powhatan Dictionary
Powhatan Language
Powhatan Language
Powhatan Linguistic Lineage
White-De Bry Map of Virginia (1590)

Last updated 03/25/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press