Language: River Yuman
Family: Yuman
Stock: Esselen-Yuman
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Colorado River
Speakers None      
     The Halchidhoma were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation. They were located along the Colorado River at the Gila. They ultimately merged with the Maricopa, as a result of conflicts with the Mojave tribe.
Aboriginal Locations
AZ Asumpción, Lagrimas de San Pedro, San Antonio, Santa Coleta, CA Village south of Parker
Present Locations
Confederated into the Maricopa in AZ
Year History
1540 Encountered by Alarcón
1640 Found by Oñate occupying villages on Colorado south of Gila
1701 Visited by Father Eusibio Kino
1776 Found by Garcés occupying Colorado below present Bill Williams Fork
1827 Joined Maricopa along with the Kohuana, both suffering in conflicts with Mojave tribe
Year  Population AZ CA Source
1680 3,000 Mooney estimate
1700 3,000 1,500 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,000 500 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Maricopa, Mojave, Yuma
Halchidhoma Sites
Before Parker Dam
Colorado River Culture Area
Culture and Ethnobotany
Indian Tribes of North America (extract)
Lake Havasu, Arizona:  A World of Incongruity
Maricopa/Halchidhoma Pottery
Maricopa Indians
Maricopa Pottery Collection
Mojave Enothgraphy and Ethnohistory
Quechan Language
Quechan Linguistic Language
Yuma Indians

Last updated 03/18/08  Copyright © 2008 by Four Directions Press