Ethnie: HAISLA
Language: Haisla
Family: Northern Wakashan
Stock: Wakashan
Phylum: Wakashan
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 25   (1991 M. Dale Kincade)  
      The Haisla were a maritime nation located on Douglas Inlet in British Columbia. They traded with the Whites from first contact. The ethnie suffered from significantly from White introduced diseases. A great deal of the cultural tradition was lost with the banning of the potlatch though they now work the return of an important totem pole from Sweden.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC   Haisla (2)
Present Locations
BC   Kitamaat Tribal Council, Kitamaat
Year History
1792 Visited by Juan Zayas
1793 Area visited by Capt. George Vancouver
1843 Hudson Bay post Ft. McLoughlin established
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1884 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 700   NAHDB calculation
1780 700   Mooney estimate
1800 700   NAHDB calculation
1900 200   NAHDB calculation
1906 852   Swanton (Including Heiltsuk)
1977 1,000   SIL
2000 1,300   NAHDB calculation
2001 1,388   Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Other speakers of the same language:
Haisla Tribe Sites:
Haisla Artist Brad Starr
Haisla Artist Cedric Bolton
Haisla Artist Lyle Wilson
Haisla Community
Haisla Language
Haisla Language
Haisla Language
Haisla Language
Haisla Linguistic Lineage
Haisla Nation Leads Kitlope Victory
Haisla Rediscovery Builds on Cultural Roots
Kitlope Heritage Conservancy
Kitamaat Village
Kitamaat Village to Crab River
Totem Returned to Canadian Tribe
Totem: The Return of the G'psgolox Pole
Wakash Indians

Last updated 03/18/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press