Ethnie: HAIDA
Language: Haida (Northern and Southern Dialects)
Family: Haida
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest





Speakers 40   (1995 M. Krausse)
      The Haida were a sedentary maritime nation that relied heavily on fishing. They were belligerent with neighboring tribes. They arrived in the area from the Yukon as a result of a volcanic eruption about AD 750 Aboriginally, they were located on the Queen Charlotte Islands. They became missionized early and undertook farming, but suffered severely from the effects of White disease and culture.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC     Chaal, Cumshewa, Dadens, Gahlinskun, Haena, Heilung, Howkan, Kaisun, Kasaan, Kayung, Kiusta, Klinkwan, Kloo, Kung, Kweundlas, Masset, Naikum, Ninstints, Skedans, Skidegate, Sukkwan, Tiun, Yaku, Yan (100)
Present Locations
AK    Sealaska Corporation, Juneau
BC     Masset, Masset
          Skidegate, Queen Charlotte City
Year History
1700 Some soon relocated to southern tip of Prince of Wales Island, Alaska and established there in 4 tribes
1774 Spotted Spanish Ensign Juan Perez in corvette Santiago
1775 Visited by Bodega and Maurelle
1786 Visited by La Perouse
1787 Visited by Dixon for one month who began trading for furs
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1825 Began cultivation of potatoes after introduction by traders
1829 Hudson Bay post established, Anglican mission at Masset, Methodist mission at Skidegate
1862 Smallpox, liquor, and venereal disease depleted population before White influx; one entire village
Year Total Population AK BC   Source
1700 9,800   9,800   NAHDB calculation
1780 9,800       Mooney estimate
1800 9,000 1,000 8,000   NAHDB calculation
1836 8,428       John Work estimate
1841 8,328       Sir James Douglas estimate
1889 637       Census
1895 593       Swanton estimate
1900 700 100 600   NAHDB calculation
1902 788       Swanton
1910 530       Census
1915 588       Duff estimate
1968     1,224   Queen Charlotte Agency (Canada only)
1970   240     Blackman (US only)
1995 1,500       M. Krausse
2000 1,600 300 1,300   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Haida Sites
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut Population
Bear and His Indian Wife - Haida Legend
Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska
Church Apologizes for Missionary Abuses
Council of the Haida Nation
Council of the Haida Nation Forest Guardians
Haida Art
Haida Artist
Haida Authors
Haida Carver
Haida:  Children of the Eagle and Raven
Haida Gwaii
Haida Homeland
Haida House
Haida House Interior
Haida Indian Cemetary
Haidy Indians by Kaitlin and Karlee Student Project
Haida Indian Towns
Haida Indian Tribe History
Haida Language
Haida Language
Haida Language
Haida Language Bibliography
Haida Language Family
Hiada Linguistic Lineage
Haida Mother Bear Story
Haida Northwest Indian Art and Artifacts
Haida Rattle
Haida Shaman's Rattle
Haida Songs
Haida Stock Photos
Haida Thunderbird Painting
Haida Tlingit Dance
Haida Tribe
KASAAN ALASKA Haida Hyda native American Indian village
Ketchikan Indian Community
Northern Haida Language
Old Haida Bowls
Queen Johnnie Photo
Reid, Bill, Haida Artist
Russian America
SCORE Haida Teacher's Guide
Sealaska Corporation
Sealaska Heritage Institute
Southern Haida Language
Struggle for Haida Gwaii
Wooden Thunderbird of the Haida Tribe

Last updated 03/17/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press