Ethnie: GUALE
Language: Muskogee
Family: Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Guale were a sedentary coastal hunter/farmer nation. They were settled along the Georgia coast from St. Andrews Sound to the Savannah River. They were essentially destroyed in conflicts with other tribes and in the Yamasee War. The survivors formed a component of the Creek Confederacy.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
GA    Northern (14), Central (11), Southern (11), unknown affiliation (10)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Creek in AL and OK
Year History
1526 Last Ayllon settlement was in or near Guale country
1562 Visited by Huguenots from Port Royal Jesuit missionary work began
1597 Insurrection killed all missionaries but one
1601 Attacked by Florida and severely defeated
1608 Insurrection
1645 Insurrection
1661 Attacks from northern tribes
1680 Attacks from northern tribes
1686 Surviving Guale escaped inland or moved to San Pedro, Santa Maria, and San Juan Islands; others went to South Carolina
1699 Visited by Dickenson
1702 General insurrection, joined Yamasee
1715 Yamasee War, most joined Muskogee forming the Creek Confederacy
1726 Last word of Guale at St. Augustine
Year Total Pop. FL GA Source
1650 4,000   4,000   Swanton estimate
1700 500 500   NAHDB calculation
1800 0     NAHDB calculation
1900 0     NAHDB calculation 
2000 0     NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Creek, Muskogee, Seminole
Guale Sites:
Chocolate Plantation
Creation Myths and Legends of the Creek Indians
Creek Indians
Creek Indians
Creek Indians
Creek Indian Tribe
Creek Language
Creek Language Archive
Creek Nation
Creek Nation
Creek People
Creek People
Creek (people)
Fort Morris State Park
Fray Andres de San Miguel
Guale Indian Tribe
Indian Tribe History
Muskogee Language (Creek)
Muskokee (Creek) Literature
Santa Catalina de Guale
Sapelo Island Reserve

Last updated 03/16/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press