Language: Gitxsan
Family: Tsimshian
Stock: Chinookan
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 400   (1999 Jay Powell)  
        The Gitsan were a sedentary hunter tribal group of the north central British Columbia. Many of the leading families of the Gitsan were Na-Dene in origin including interior Athapaskan and Tlingit. They were located on the upper course of the Skeena River. They had only minimal early contact with Whites.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC     Gitanmaax, Kispiox, Kitgargas or Kisgagas, Kegukla, Kitwancool, Kitwanga, Kuldo or Qaldo, Meamskinisht
Present Locations
BC   Gitanmaax, Hazleton
        Gitwangak, Kitwanga
        Glen Vowell, Hazleton
        Hagwilget, New Hazleton
        Kispiox, Hazleton
        Kitsegukla, South Hazleton
        Kitwancool, Kitwanga
Year History
1822 Fort Kilmers established, White contact began
1826 Fort Connolly established
1831 Fort Simpson established
1835 Fort Essington established
187X Minor Skeena gold rush
1876 Cannery established at Skeena
1898 Klondike gold rush
Year BC Population   Source
1700 1,200   NAHDB calculation
1800 1,200   NAHDB calculation
1900 1,100   NAHDB calculation
1904 1,120   Official
2000 5,200   NAHDB calculation
2001 5,403   Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Other speakers of the same language:
Gitsan Tribe Sites:
Canadian Indians Win a Ruling Vindicating Their Oral History
Copper Creations
Gitanmaax Band
Gitanmaax Band Log Office
Gitksan Government Commission
Gitsan Landscape Perception ...
Gitxsan Chief's Office
Gitxsan Chiefs Protect Amazay Lake
Gitxsan Experience in Cultural Survival
Gitxsan Hereditary Chiefs
Gitxan Language
Gitxsan Linguistic Lineage
Gitxsan Model: ...
Gitxsan-Nisga'a (Nass-Gitksan)
Gitzan People
Gitxan Treaty Society
Hazleton Community Profile
Kispiox Valley
'Ksan Historical Village
'Ksan Historical Village
New Hazleton History
'San Arts
Vanishing British Columbia
Wilkerson Art

Last updated 03/10/09  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press