Thornless Garden        
Common Name Latin Name T H X W Ornamental Value
Acton Encelia Encelia actoni S 3' X 3' Yellow flowers in spring and summer, fragrant foliage
Angelita Daisy Hymenoxys acaulis, prev. Tetraneuris acaulis P 1' X 1' 1 foot long blooming yellow flower February to November
Antelope Bitterbrush, Greasewood Purshia tridentata S 5' X 5' Fragrant with yellow flowers
Arizona Cypress Curpessus arizonica T 40' X 15' Christmas tree look, evergreen, conical
Arizona Rosewood, Desert Rose Vauquelinia californica T, S 4' X 15' In place of oleander, shrub, hedge, or tree, may be pruned
Apache Plume Falugia paradoxa P 4' X 4' White rose-like flowers, pink plumed fruits
Autumn Sage Salvia greggi S 3' X 3' Red flowers, aromatic
Baby Sage Salvia microphylla S 3' X 3' Red flowers, mid-summer to mid-fall
Baccharifolius Beardtongue Penstemon baccharifolius P 2' X 2' Red trumpet shaped flowers June through September
Baja Fairy Duster Calliandra californica S 3' X 4' Bright red blooms February to May, again in fall
Bamboo Muhly, Faury Bamboo Muhlenbergia dumosa S 18" X 3' Delicate flowers after rains
Bastard Sage Eriogonum wrightii P 2' x 2' Lacy flowers in spring, deciduous
Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis T 10' x 10' Inconspicuous yellow flowers December through May, fragrant leaves
Big Berry Manzanita Arctostaphylos glauca S 10' X 6' White to pink flowers
Big Muhly Grass, Lindheimer's Muhly Muhlenbergia lindheimeri S 1' X 2' Purple to grey flowers in summer and fall
Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus montanus S 12' X 4' White to pink fragrant flowers
Bird's-foot Cliffbrake Pellaea mucronata S 1' x 1' Green, fern-like
Bisbee Peak Rushrose Helianthemum scoparium P 1' X 2' Yellow flowers March through July
Blackfoot Daisy Melampodium leucanthum P 6' X 1' White one inch daisies
Black Oak Quercus kelloggii T 25' X 25' Dapple shade, deciduous, leaves red in fall
Black Sage Salvia mellifera S 1' X 1' Fragrant with lavender flowers
Bladder pod Isomeris arborea S 4' X 5' Yellow flowers almost all year
Bluedicks Dichelostemma capitatum P 6" Light blue flowers late winter to mid-spring
Blue Eldberberrry Sambucus nigra T 12' x 12' Small, berrylike drupe, purple-black, and very juicy
Blue Oak Quercus douglasii T 30' x 30' Evergreen medium sized oak
Bovardia Bouvardia ternifolia S 4' X 3' Showy red trumpet shaped flowers May through November
Brewer's Salt Bush Atriplex lentiformis S 7' x 7' Yellow flowers July to October, evergreen grey leaves
Brittle Bush Encelia farinosa S 3' X 3' Yellow flowers blooming all spring
Buck Brush Ceanothus cuneatus S 8' X 9' White to light blue flower in late winter to mid-spring
Bullgrass Muhlenbergia emersleyi P 3' X 3' Purple flowers June to November, clump grass
Bush Beardtongue Keckiella breviflora P 5' X 5' White flowers line with purple, pink, or red streaks in spring and fall, fragrant
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa P 2' x 1' Bright red or orange flower in mid-summer followed by attractive pods in fall
California Buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum P 18" to 3' Lacy flowers in spring
California False Indigo Amphora californica S 6' x 6' Small purple flowers on 3 inch spike, fragrance of guava, pineapple, lavender
California Fremontia, Flannelbush Fremontodendron californicumt T 12' X 15' 1 to 2 inch yellow flowers in spring
California Fuchsia Zauschneria californica P 3' X 5' Red flowers from mid-spring to early winter
California Laurel Umbellularia californica T 40' X 20' Inconspicuous yellow flowers December through May, fragrant leaves
California Trixis, American Threefold Trixis californica S 3' X 3' Showy yellow flowers
California Walnut Juglans californica T 20' X 20' Yellow blooms the March through May resulting in edible nuts, full shade
Canyon Silktassel Garrya veatchii S 6' X 6' Showy male flowers hang in long white catkins from the end of the branches late winter to spring
Cascalote Tree Caesalpinia cacalaco T 12' X 12' Light yellow flowers most of winter, attractive copper pods
Chihuahuan Sage, Cenizo, Purple Sage Salvia mellifera S 4' X 5' Fragrant with lavender to purple flowers
Chocolate Daisy Berlandiera lyrata P 1' X 1' Yellow daisies almost all year
Chuparosa Justicia californica S 4' X 8' Long tubular red flowers from May through fall, deciduous
Cliff Goldenbush Ericameria cuneata P 1' X 1.5' Showy yellow flowers late summer and fall
Cliff Fendlerbush Fendlera rupicola S 1' X 6' Purple flowers in spring to fall, fragrant, silver foliage
Cliff Rose, Mexican Cliffrose, Bitterbrush Purshia mexicana S 8' X 5' Fragrant white aromatic flowers with long yellow stamens
Coarse Verbena Verbena rigida P 1' X 2' Violet-purple flowers in summer and fall, groundcover
Coffeyberry Rhamnus californica S 5' X 10' Greenish white to yellow flowers in spring, dark red fruit later
Colorado Four O'clock Mirabilis multiflora P 1' X 1' Green leaves, purple flowers in July and August
Coulter Pine Pinus coulteri T 40' X 20' Long dark green needles
Coyote Gourd Cucurbita palmata V 6" x 30' Large 3" wide yellow, unisexual, bell shaped, opens in morning, closes by mid-day, April through September
Creosote Bush Larrea tridentata S 6' X 6' Small yellow flowers, evergreen
Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus ledifolius T 12' X 12' Inconspicuous flowers but eye catching spiral silver-haired seed plumes, plant has spicy aroma
Damianita Daisy Chrysactinia mexicana S 2' X 2' Yellow daisies, evergreen
Deergrass Muhlenbergia rigens S 3' to 4' Lacy flowers in spring
Deerweed Lotus scoparius P 3' X 3' Blooms all year, yellow flowers turn red once pollinated
Desert Almond Prunus fasciculata S 3' X 3' Tiny, white flowers, not showy
Desert Bird of Paradise Caesalpinia gilliesii   S 4' X 4' Showy red and yellow flowers
Desert Broom Baccharis sarothroides S 6' X 6' Winter blooms, showy white flowers on female plant, cream colored on male
Desert Deathcamas Zigadenus brevibracteatus P 2' X 1' Cream colored flowers April-May
Desert False Indigo Amphora fruticosa S 10' x 10' Small purple flowers on 3 inch spike, fragrance of guava, pineapple, lavender
Desert Honeysuckle Anisacanthus thurberi S 4' x 6' Lovely orange to red flowers superficially resemble those of honeysuckles
Desert Larkspur Delphinium pasishii P 3' X 1' Blue to purple flowers in April through June
Desert Lavender Hyptis emoryi S 8' X 8' Lavender flowers, minty fragrance in spring
Desert Marigold Baileya multiradiata P 1' X 1' Yellow daisies almost all year
Desert Mariposa Lily Calochortus kennedyi P to 8" Orange, yellow, or white flowers from April to June
Desert Milkweed Asclepias erosa P 2' X 2' White flowers May to July
Desert Penstemon, Desert Beardtongue Penstemon pseudospectabilis P 2' X 2' Showy magenta (pink-purple) flowers in mid-summer
Desert Rosemallow Hibiscus coulteri P 4' X 2' Showy cream, tan, or yellow flowers March through November
Desert Sage, Purple Sage Salvia dorrii S 2' X 2' Blue flowers bloom late in spring , leaves fragrant
Desert Sunflower, Goldeneye Viguiera deltoidea parishii P 3' X 3' Showy yellow flowers
Desert Willow Chilopsis linearis T 12' X 15' Trumpet shaped flowers 2 to 3 inches long in white to rose to purple, often two toned
Dwarf Coyote Brush Baccharis pilularis Var. pilularis S 1' X 12' Evergreen groundcover
Dwarf White Zinnia, Desert Zinnia Zinnia acerosa P 3' X 1' White flowers after rains
Eaton's Penstemon, Scarlet Bugler Penstemon eatoni P 3' X 2' Showy red flowers in spring
Feather Dalea Dalea formosa S 1' X 2' Bloom March to September with small purple and white or cream flowers, good ground cover
Foothill Penstemon, Purdy's Penstemon Penstemon heterophyllus P 2' X 1' Showy violet flowers in spring
Fairy Duster, Pink Fairy Duster, Mock Mesquite Calliandra eriophylla S 4' X 4' Silver-green leaves, fragrant, pink to red duster blooms most of year
Fourwing Saltbush Atriplex canescens S 5' X 5' Yellow flowers May to September, evergreen grey leaves
Fragrant Evening Primrose Neriserenia camporum P 8" X 1' White to pale pink flowers in spring
Gambel Oak Quercus gambelii T 30' x 30' Deciduous high altitude medium oak
Gayfeather, Blazing Star, Button Snakeroot Liatris spicata P 2' X 3' Late blooming lavender to purple flower
Giant Sacaton Grass Sporobolus wrightii P 6' X 6' Pale pink fragrant flowers mid-summer to fall
Giant Woolystar Eriastrum densifolium P 1' X 1' Light blue to purple flowers bloom June to October, endangered
Gilia Beardtongue Penstemon ambiguus P 2' X 2' Uniquely showy light-pink flowered species for its extravagant late spring display
Globe Mallow, Desert Mallow Sphaeralcea ambigua P 2' X 3' Orange, pink, white, or lavender leaves mostly in spring
Golden Currant Ribes aureum V 10' x 10' Yellow, tubular showy flowers, borne in spring, hanging clusters several inches long, clove-like fragrance
Golden Stars Bloomeria crocea P 2' Bright yellow flowers in spring, goes dormant in summer
Golden Yarrow Eriophyllum confertiflorum P 2' Mat of bright yellow flowers
Grape Soda Lupine Lupinus excubitus S 4' X 4' Showy purple blooms May and June with fragrance of grape soda
Great Basin Sage, Big Sagebrush Artemisia tridentata S 4' X 4' Silver-green leaves, fragrant
Gregg Dalea Dalea greggii S 1' X 6' Purple flowers in spring to fall, fragrant
Grinnell's Penstemon Penstemon grinnellii P 2' X 2' Showy pink flowers in spring
Hairawn Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris P 3' X 4' Purple to pink flowers on September to November, clump grass
Hairy Goldenaster Heterotheca villosa P 1' X 1' Yellow to gold flowers June through October
Hairy-leaf Ceanothus Ceanothus oliganthus oliganthus S 6' X 6' Whitish to blue to purple flowers in spring
Hairyseed Bahia Bahia absinthifolia P 1' X 1' Yellow blooms spring through fall
Hairy Yerba Santa Eriodictyon trichocalyx S 6' X 6' White to purple flowers in spring
Howard McMinn Manzanita Arctostaphylos densiflora S 8 ' x 12' Small, white to pinkish white flowers, appearing from late winter to spring
Incense Cedar Calocedrus decurrens T 40' X 20' Long dark green needles, fragrant
Indian Ricegrass Oryzopsis hymenoides P 2' X 1' Cream or tan flowers in spring, goes dormant with summer heat, popular for dry flower arrangements
Indigo Bush Amorpha californica P 6' x 6' Violet flowers in spring, fragrant, attracts butterflies
Interior Live Oak Quercus wislizenii T 10' X 20' Deep shade
Jimson Weed, Datura, Toloache Datura wrightii P 2' X 2' Showy white or off-white 6 to 8 " flowers in spring, summer and fall
Kaweah River Bush Monkey Flower Diplacus calycinus P 3' X 3' White to yellow to orange flowers from March until July
Latin American Fleabane Erigeron karvinskianus P 2' X 5' White to pink flowers blooming most of year, ground cover, shuts down during hottest months
Limber Pine Pinus flexilis T 30' x 20' Long dark blue/green needles
Little Leaf Cordia Cordia parvifolia S 8' X 10' White clusters of blooms March through November
Littleleaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus intricatus T 6' X 6' Small yellow flowers in mid-spring, evergreen rosemary-like leaves
Lodgepole Pine Pinus contorta T 40' X 15' Dark green needles, slender conical shape
Longleaf Indian Paintbrush Castilleja subinclusa P 3' X 2' Red flowers spring through summer
Mariola Parthenium incanum P 2' X 2' Gray-white, velvety, aromatic, drought and cold deciduous
Matilija Poppy Romneya coulteri P 3' X 2' Huge white flowers, yellow centers, May to July, fragrant
Mescal Bean Sophora secundiflora  T 20' X 15' Distinctive, showy; pendulous raceme of purple flowers late winter to early spring, fragrant
Mojave Aster Xylorhiza tortifolia P 1' X 2' Light purple flowers March through May and again in September-October
Mojave Verbena Verbena gooddingii P 1' X 1' Pale lavender-blue flowers from February to November, fragrant
Moss Verbena Verbena pulchella or Glandulosa p. P 1' X 2' Purple, plum, or white flowers in spring, groundcover
Mountain Desert Sage Salvia pachyphylla S 2' x 2' Two-tone red and purple large flowers July through September, evergreen grey-green leaves
Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus belutoides T 12' x 4' White to pink fragrant flowers, attractive leaves, inverse conical shape, gains personality with age
Narrowleaf Yerba Santa Eriodictyon angustifolium S 3' X 3' White flowers in spring and summer
Netleaf Hackberry Celtic reticulata T 15' X 20' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree
Nodding Needlegrass Nassella cernua or Stipa cernua S 2' X 3' Turf
Palmer's Penstemon, Baloon Flower Penstemon palmeri P 2' X 1' Showy pink flowers in spring, aromatic
Paper Flower Psilostrophe cooperi P 1' X 2' Yellow flowers bloom early in spring and last for a long time eventually turning into dry and paper-like
Parish's Bluecurls Trichostema parishii P 3' X 3' Showy blue fragrant flowers in spring
Parry's Penstemon Penstemon parryi P 3' X 2' Rose-pink flowers in spring
Pineleaf Penstemon, Pineneedle Beardtongue Penstemon pinifolius P 1' X 1' Showy red flowers in late spring, summer
Pine Muhly Muhlenbergia dubia P 3' X 3' White flowers on August to September, clump grass
Pink California Fuchsia Zauschneria californica Pink P 2' x 2' Pink flowers spring through fall
Pipestem Clematis Clematis lasiantha P To 20' Small white to tan blooms late spring to mid-summer, vine to 20 feet
Pointleaf Manzanita Arctostaphylos pungens S 6' X 6' White to pink flowers in late winter to spring, red berries in summer
Ponderosa Pine, Yellow Pine Pinus ponderosa T 100' X 30' Dark green needles
Prince's Plume Stanleya pinnata P 6' X 5' 3 foot yellow flower spikes bloom April through September
Purple Threeawn Aristida purpurea P 3' X 3' Bunch grass, purple blooms April to October
Redshank Adenostoma sparsifolium T 5' X 6' Small white flowers
Rockspirea, Mountainspray Holodiscus dumosus S 8' X 5' White spray of flowers in July, fruits in October
Rocky Mountain Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii T 40' X 20' Long dark green needles, fragrant
Royal Penstemon, Showy Penstemon Penstemon spectabilis P 3' X 2' Purple-blue flowers in spring
Rubber Rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus nauseosus S 3' x 2' Small yellow flowers in summer, cotton tufts in fall, grey leaves and limbs
Scarlet Bugler Penstemon centranthifolius P 1' X 2' Showy red flowers in spring
Scarlet Keckiella Keckiella ternata P 3' X 3' Red flowers spring to summer
Scrub Live Oak Quercus turbinella T 6' X 6' Remains small, evergreen
Side Oats Grama Bouteloua curtipendula P 2' Purple blooms summer to fall
Silver Lupine Lupinus albifrons P 5' X 5' Light blue to purple flowers in summer
Skeletonleaf Goldeneye Viguiera stenoloba P 2' X 3' Golden flowers after rains
Skunkbush Sumac Rhus trilobata S 5' X 5' Small white or yellow flowers, red berries, leaves turn reddish in fall, deciduous
Snapdragon Penstemon Keckiella breviflora P 6' X 3' Wonderfully fragrant, bright yellow flowers and elegant foliage
Snowflake Sage Salvia chionophylla P 1' X 6' Blue flowers spring and fall, evergreen gray-white ground cover
Southern California Grape Vitis girdiana P 9' x 30' White flowers in spring, blue fruit in summer, ground cover
Southern Honeysuckle Lonicera subspicata denudata S 8' White to yellow flowers spring to summer, climbing
Starleaf Mexican Orange, Fragrant Starleaf Choisya dumosa S 18' X 3' White fragrant flowers after rains, fancy leaves
Sticky Monkeyflower Mimulus aurantiacus P 3' X 3' White to orange to red flowers mid-spring to early summer
Sugarbush Rhus ovata S 15' X 20' Red and cream flowers in spring, red fruits in early summer
Sulfur Flower Eriogonum umbellatum S 3' x 3' Yellow flowers in spring, good ground cover
Sundrops Calylophus hartwegii v. fendleri P 1' x 2' Spring and summer clear yellow over night flowers turning pink in morning
Tecate Cypress Curpessus forbesii T 15' X 10' Evergreen, grey/green, irregularly conical
Texas Plume Bauhinia lunarioides T 12' X 10' Fragrant pale pink orchid-like flowers in spring, butterfly shaped flowers
Texas Ranger Leucophyllum frutescens S 6' X 6' Purple trumpet shaped flowers, evergreen silver leaves
Toyon, Christmas Berry Heteromeles arbutifolia T 8' X 5' Small white flowers, beautiful red fruit in clusters
Tree Poppy Dendromecon rigida S 8' X 6' Profuse bright yellow poppy flowers spring through fall
Upright Prairie Cooneflower Ratibida columnifera P 3' X 2' Showy brown, yellow, orange flowers May through October
Utah Service Berry Amelanchier utahensis S 15' x 15' White flowers in spring, fruit in early summer, white bark
Violet Silverleaf Leucophyllum candidum S 5' X 5' Violet flowers February to May, silver-white leaves
Wavyleaf Soap Plant Chlorogalum pomeridianum P To 3' Summer white lilies, dies out in late summer
Western Hackberry Celtic occidentalis T 45' x 50' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree, small green flowers in spring
Western Redbud Cercis occidentalis T 20' X 10' Showy pink, purple, or white flowers in April, rosy seed pods in May
Western Soapberry Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii T 40' X 20' Large showy flowers in May and June, deciduous
Whitebrush Aloysia gratissima S 6' X 6' White flowers March to November
White Fir Albies concolor T 30' X 12' Evergreen, popular Christmas tree, leaves have lemony fragrance
White Gaura, Whirling Butterflies Gaura lindheimeri P 18" X 2' Flowers used by butterflies and bees
White Sage, Bee Sage Salvia apiana S 3' X 3' White flowers, grey leaves, aromatic
White Sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana P 1' X 3' Fragrant silver foliage, insignificant yellow flowers July to October
Winterfat Ceratoides lanata S 2' X 3' Silvery leaves, white hairs on leaves
Woodland Strawberry Frageria vesca ssp. californica P 6" x 9' White flowers in spring, red fruit in summer, ground cover
Wooly Bluecurls Trichostema lanatum S 4' X 4' Blue-pink flowers in spring and fall, fragrant
Wooly Indian Paintbrush Castilleja foliolosa P 3' X 3' Showy orange to red flowers March through June
Woolly Paper Flower Psilostrophe tagetina P 1' X 1' Yellow flowers bloom early in spring and last for a long time eventually turning into dry and paper-like, fragrant
Yarrow Achillea millefolium californica P 3' X 3' White to near white, sometimes pink, flat topped cluster of small flowers from mid-spring to early winter, fragrant
Yellow Bush Snapdragon Keckiella antirrhinoides P 6' x 3' Wonderfully fragrant, bright yellow flowers spring and summer and elegant foliage