Songbird Garden        
Common Name Latin Name T H X W Ornamental Value
Acton Encelia Encelia actoni S 3' X 3' Yellow flowers in spring and summer, fragrant foliage
Angelita Daisy Hymenoxys acaulis, prev. Tetraneuris acaulis P 1' X 1' 1 foot long blooming yellow flower February to November
Antelope Bitterbrush, Greasewood Purshia tridentata S 5' X 5' Fragrant with yellow flowers
Arizona Cypress Curpessus arizonica T 40' X 15' Christmas tree look, evergreen, conical
Arizona Rosewood, Desert Rose Vauquelinia californica S 4' X 15' In place of oleander, shrub, hedge, or tree, may be pruned
Apache Plume Fallugia paradoxa P 4' X 4' White rose-like flowers, pink plumed fruits May through December
Autumn Sage Salvia greggi S 3' X 3' Red flowers, aromatic
Baby Sage Salvia microphylla S 3' X 3' Red flowers, mid-summer to mid-fall
Baccharifolius Beardtongue Penstemon baccharifolius P 2' X 2' Red trumpet shaped flowers June through September
Bamboo Muhly, Faury Bamboo Muhlenbergia dumosa S 18" X 3' Delicate flowers after rains
Banana Yucca, Datil Yucca Yucca baccata S 4' X 4' Green leaves, white, greenish, or reddish flowers
Bastard Sage Eriogonum wrightii P 2' x 2' Lacy flowers in spring, deciduous
Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis T 10' x 10' Inconspicuous yellow flowers December through May, fragrant leaves
Bladder Sage Salazaria mexicana S 6' X 6' Pink and purple flowers with purple lip which evolve into a reddish or a pale yellowy bladder
Beavertail Cactus Opuntia basilaris CS 1' X 2' Magenta to red flowers, purple green fruit
Big Berry Manzanita Arctostaphylos glauca S 10' X 6' White to pink flowers
Bigcone Spruce Pseudotsuga macrocarpa T 40' X 20' Green, short evergreen needles
Big Muhly Grass, Lindheimer's Muhly Muhlenbergia lindheimeri S 1' X 2' Purple to grey flowers in summer and fall
Bisbee Peak Rushrose Helianthemum scoparium P 1' X 2' Yellow flowers March through July
Bitterroot Penstemon azureus P 6" X 6" Mid-summer pink to white flowers, perennial
Blackfoot Daisy Melampodium leucanthum P 6" X 1' White one inch daisies
Black Oak Quercus kelloggii T 25' X 25' Dapple shade, deciduous, leaves red in fall
Blind Prickly Pear Opuntia rufida CS 5' X 5' Orange flowers in spring to early summer, fruits have several colors
Bluedicks Dichelostemma capitatum P 3' X 3' Light blue flowers late winter to mid-spring
Blue Eldberberrry Sambucus nigra T 12' x 12' Small, berrylike drupe, purple-black, and very juicy
Blue Grama, Mosquito Grass Bouteloua gracilis P 5" to 9" Turf
Blue Oak Quercus douglasii T 25' X 25' Dapple shade, deciduous
Blue Palo Verde Cercidium floridum T 12' X 15' Evergreen branches, yellow flowers two weeks in April or May, fragrant
Blue Sage Salvia pachyphylla S 2' X 2' Two-tone red and purple large flowers, evergreen grey-green leaves
Brewer's Salt Bush Atriplex lentiformis S 7' x 7' Yellow flowers July to October, evergreen grey leaves
Brittle Bush Encelia farinosa S 3' X 3' Yellow flowers blooming all spring
Buck Brush Ceanothus cuneatus S 8' X 9' White to light blue flower in late winter to mid-spring
Bullgrass Muhlenbergia emersleyi P 3' X 3' Purple flowers June to November, clump grass
Bush Beardtongue Keckiella breviflora P 5' X 5' White flowers line with purple, pink, or red streaks in spring and fall, fragrant
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa p 2' Bright red or orange flower in mid-summer followed by attractive pods in fall
California Buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum P 18" to 3' Lacy flowers in spring
California False Indigo Amphora californica S 6' x 6' Small purple flowers on 3 inch spike, frangrance of guava, pineapple, lavender
California Fremontia, Flannelbush Fremontodendron californicum T 12' X 15' 1 to 2 inch yellow flowers in spring
California Fuchsia Zauschneria californica P 3' X 5' Red flowers from mid-spring to early winter
California Juniper Juniperus californica T 20' X 20' Flowers not noticeable, grey/blue berries on female plants
California Lilac Ceanothus greggii vestitus S 6' X 6' White flowers in spring through summer
California Sage Artemisia californica S 6' X 4' Silver evergreen foliage
California Trixis, American Threefold Trixis californica S 3' X 3' Showy yellow flowers
California Walnut Juglans californica T 20' X 20' Yellow blooms the March through May resulting in edible nuts, full shade
Canyon Live Oak, Goldencup Oak Quercus chrysolepis T 30' X 25' Shade, evergreen, large acorns
Century Plant Agave americana Y 7' X 12' Evergreen, yellow flower once at about 10 years or more (monocarpic), stalk 15 to 30 feet high
Chia Salvia columbariae S 2' Light blue flowers
Chihuahuan Sage, Cenizo Salvia mellifera S 4' X 5' Fragrant with lavender to purple flowers
Chocolate Daisy Berlandiera lyrata P 1' X 1' Yellow daisies almost all year
Claret Cup Cactus Echinocereus triglochidiatus CS 1' X 4' Showy scarlet to wine flowers in spring or early summer
Cliff Goldenbush Ericameria cuneata P 1' X 1.5' Showy yellow flowers late summer and fall
Cliff Rose, Mexican Cliffrose Purshia mexicana S 8' X 5' Fragrant white aromatic flowers with long yellow stamens
Coarse Verbena Verbena rigida P 1' X 2' Violet-purple flowers in summer and fall, groundcover
Coast Live Oak Quercus agrifolia T 20' X 40' Deep shade
Coffeyberry Rhamnus californica S 5' X 10' Greenish white to yellow flowers in spring, dark red fruit later
Colorado Four O'clock Mirabilis multiflora P 1' X 1' Green leaves, purple flowers in July and August
Coulter Pine Pinus coulteri T 40' X 20' Long dark green needles
Deergrass Muhlenbergia rigens P 3' to 4' Lacy flowers in spring
Deerweed Lotus scoparius P 3' X 3' Blooms all year, yellow flowers turn red once pollinated
Desert False Indigo Amphora fruticosa S 10' x 10' Small purple flowers on 3 inch spike, fragrance of guava, pineapple, lavender
Desert Lavender Hyptis emoryi S 8' X 8' Lavender flowers, minty fragrance in spring
Desert Marigold Baileya multiradiata P 1' X 1' Yellow daisies almost all year
Desert Penstemon Penstemon pseudospectabilis P 2' X 2' Showy magenta (pink-purple) flowers in mid-summer
Desert Sage, Purple Sage Salvia dorrii S 2' X 2' Blue flowers bloom late in spring , leaves fragrant
Desert Sunflower, Goldeneye Viguiera deltoidea parishii P 3' X 3' Showy yellow flowers
Desert Willow Chilopsis linearis T 12' X 15' Trumpet shaped flowers 2 to 3 inches long in white to rose to purple, often two toned
Dwarf Coyote Brush Baccharis pilularis Var. pilularis S 12' X 1' Evergreen groundcover, white flowers summer to fall
Engelmann's Hedgehog Cactus Echinocereus engelmannii C 2' X 2' Flowers used by hummingbirds and butterflies, fruits eaten by songbirds, game birds, and other mammals
Fairy Duster, Pink Fairy Duster Calliandra eriophylla S 4' X 4' Silver-green leaves, fragrant
Feather Dalea Dalea formosa S 1' X 2' Bloom March to September with small purple and white or cream flowers, good ground cover
Foothill Penstemon Penstemon heterophyllus P 2' X 1' Showy violet flowers in spring
Fourwing Saltbush Atriplex canescens S 5' X 5' Yellow flowers May to September, evergreen grey leaves
Fragrant Pitcher Plant Lepechinia fragrans S 6' X 6' Aromatic white to purple flowers blooming April to June
Gambel Oak Quercus gambelii T 30' x 30' Deciduous high altitude medium oak
Gayfeather, Blazing Star Liatris spicata P 2' X 3' Late blooming lavender to purple flower
Giant Sacaton Grass Sporobolus wrightii P 6' X 6' Pale pink fragrant flowers mid-summer to fall
Golden Currant Ribes aureum V 10' x 10' Yellow, tubular showy flowers, borne in spring, hanging clusters several inches long, clove-like fragrance
Golden Yarrow Eriophyllum confertiflorum P 2' Mat of bright yellow flowers
Grape Soda Lupine Lupinus excubitus S 4' X 4' Showy purple blooms May and June with fragrance of grape soda
Great Basin Sage, Big Sagebrush Artemisia tridentata S 4' X 4' Silver-green leaves, fragrant
Grinnell's Penstemon Penstemon grinnellii P 2' X 2' Showy pink flowers in spring
Hairawn Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris P 3' X 4' Purple to pink flowers on September to November, clump grass
Hairy-leaf Ceanothus Ceanothus oliganthus oliganthus S 6' X 6' Whitish to blue to purple flowers in spring
Hollyleaf Cherry Prunus ilicifolia T 8' X 8' White flower spikes, showy red cherries
Honey Mesquite Prosopis glandulosa T 20' X 20' White flowers with long stamens, seed pods
Howard McMinn Manzanita Arctostaphylos densiflora S 8 ' x 12' Small, white to pinkish white flowers, appearing from late winter to spring
Huajillo Havardia pallens T 20' X 15' Fragrant, white, ball shaped flowers May through August
Incense Cedar Calocedrus decurrens T 40' X 20' Long dark green needles, fragrant
Interior Live Oak` Quercus wislizenii T 10' X 20' Deep shade
Joshua Tree Yucca brevifolia T 15' X 8' White to cream colored flowers
Lewis Flax Linum lewisii P 3' X 3' Lavender flowers spring until summer
Limber Pine Pinus flexilis T 30' x 20' Long dark blue/green needles
Littleleaf Sumac Rhus microphylla T 8' X 10' White flowers in spring, orange fruits in early summer
Lodgepole Pine Pinus contorta T 40' X 15' Dark green needles, slender conical shape
Longleaf Indian Paintbrush Castilleja subinclusa P 3' X 2' Red flowers spring through summer
Mariola Parthenium incanum P 2' X 2' Gray-white, velvety, aromatic, drought and cold deciduous
Mexican Grass Tree Dasylirion longissimum YA 6' X 6' White flowers after red buds, stalk up to 15 feet tall in mid-summer, dioecious
Mexican Tree Ocotillo Fouquieria macdougalii T 15' X 10' Red  flowers mid-spring
Mojave Beardtongue Penstemon incertus P 3' X 3' Showy pink and blue flowers in spring to summer
Mojave Yucca Yucca schidigera YA 5' X 4' Evergreen, white and purple flowers
Mormon Tea Ephedra trifurca or E. viridus S 4' X 6' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Moss Verbena Verbena pulchella or Glandulosa p. P 1' X 2' Purple, plum, or white flowers in spring, groundcover
Mountain Desert Sage Salvia pachyphylla S 2' x 2' Two-tone red and purple large flowers July through September, evergreen grey-green leaves
Narrowleaf Milkweed Asclepias fascicularis P 3' x 1' White to off-white flowers July to October, butterfly magnet
Narrowleaf Yerba Santa Eriodictyon angustifolium S 3' X 3' White flowers in spring and summer
Nevada Jointfir Ephedra nevadensis S 5' X 5' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
New Mexico Locust Robinia neomexicana T 5' X 6' Green leaves, purplish to pink flowers are fragrant
Netleaf Hackberry Celtis reticulata T 15' X 20' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree
Nodding Needlegrass Nassella cernua or Stipa cernua S 2' X 3' Turf
Ocotillo, Candlewood Fouquiera splendens S 12' X 8' Red to orange flowers after rain
Orange Bush Monkeyflower Diplacus aurantiacus S 3' X 3' One inch yellow to orange to scarlet flowers in spring, dormant in summer in desert
Our Lord's Candle Yucca Yucca whipplei S 3' X 4' Evergreen, white and purple flowers
Palmer's Penstemon Penstemon palmeri P 2' X 1' Showy pink flowers in spring, aromatic
Paper Flower Psilostrophe cooperi P 1' X 2' Yellow flowers bloom early in spring and last for a long time eventually turning into dry and paper-like
Parish's Bluecurls Trichostema parishii P 3' X 3' Showy blue fragrant flowers in spring
Parry's Beargrass Nolina parryi YA 3' X 3' White flowers on very tall stalks in spring
Pineleaf Penstemon Penstemon pinifolius P 1' X 1' Showy red flowers in late spring, summer
Pine Muhly Muhlenbergia dubia P 3' X 3' White flowers on August to September, clump grass
Pink California Fuchsia Zauschneria californica Pink S 2' Pink flowers spring through fall
Pointleaf Manzanita Arctostaphylos pungens S 6' X 6' White to pink flowers in late winter to spring, red berries in summer
Ponderosa Pine, Yellow Pine Pinus ponderosa T 100' X 30' Dark green needles
Purple Threeawn Aristida purpurea P 3' X 3' Bunch grass, purple blooms April to October
Rockspirea, Mountainspray Holodiscus dumosus S 8' X 5' White spray of flowers in July, fruits in October
Red Barberry Berberis haematocarpa S 6' X 8' Fragrant yellow flowers, red berries, purple fall color
Redberry Rhamnus crocea T 12' X 9' White flowers in March and April, followed by showy red berries, tree looks like scrub oak
Redshank Adenostoma sparsifolium T 5' X 6' Small white flowers
Redspined Fishhook Cactus Sclerocactus polyancistrus C 1' x 1' Showy fuschia to magenta flowers in spring or early summer
Red Thistle Cirsium proteanum or occidentale P 6' X 1' Red flowers in spring, dies after it produces
Roundflower Catclaw  Acacia romeriana T 10' X 15' White fluffy balls of fragrant white flowers, pinkish flat beans
Saguaro Carnegiea gigantea CS to 50' Attractive, borne on the branch tips in rings, white with a yellow center, 2 inches across, blooming at night during May and June
Scarlet Keckiella Keckiella ternata P 3' X 3' Red flowers spring to summer
Screwbean Mesquite Prosopis pubescens T 15' X 15' Yellow flowers in late spring, fragrant, interesting seedpods
Scrub Live Oak Quercus turbinella T 6' X 6' Remains small, evergreen
Side Oats Grama Bouteloua curtipendula P 2' Purple blooms summer to fall
Silver Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea S 12' x 12' Dioecious, silvery buds, orange-red fruit
Skunkbush Sumac Rhus trilobata S 5' X 5' Small white or yellow flowers, red berries, leaves turn reddish in fall, deciduous
Snapdragon Penstemon Keckiella breviflora P 6' X 3' Wonderfully fragrant, bright yellow flowers and elegant foliage
Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus S 8' x 8' Small flowers (1/4 inch), pinkish-white, and bell-shaped, white fruit
Soaptree Yucca Yucca elata YA 6' X 4' Green leaves, bell-shaped white flowers, limbs, dead leaves hang on limbs
Soapweed Yucca Yucca glauca YA 3' x 3' Bell shaped flowers, greenish white, pendulous, June to August
Southern California Grape Vitis girdiana P 9' x 30' White flowers in spring, blue fruit in summer, ground cover
Spiny Hopsage Grayia spinosa S 2' X 2' Dark green to bright red leaves
Spinystar Cactus, Beehive Cactus Coryphantha (Escobaria) vivipara C 1' X 1' Showy pink to purple flowers in spring or early summer
Standing Cypress Ipomopsis rubra P 6' X 2' Red, orange, or yellow trumpet shaped flowers May through July (biennial)
Starleaf Mexican Orange Choisya dumosa S 18" X 3' White fragrant flowers after rains, fancy leaves
Strawberry Cactus Mammillaria dioica C 1' X 6" White to pink flowers, scarlet fruit
Sugarbush Rhus ovata S 15' X 20' Red and cream flowers in spring, red fruits in early summer
Tecate Cypress Curpessus forbesii T 15' X 10' Evergreen, grey/green, irregularly conical
Texas Persimmon Diospyros texana T 20' X 12' Green to white-green urn shaped flowers, edible black fruit on female  trees, dioecious, madrone-like peeling bark
Torry Mesquite, Western Mesquite Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana T 10' X 25' Yellow flowers in late spring, fragrant, seedpods are sometime scarlet
Toyon, Christmas Berry Heteromeles arbutifolia S 8' X 5' Small white flowers, beautiful red fruit in clusters
Turpentinebush Ericameria laricifolia S 6' X 8' Yellow flowers, red berries, purple fall color
Upright Prairie Cooneflower Ratibida columnifera P 3' X 2' Showy brown, yellow, orange flowers May through October
Utah Service Berry Amelanchier utahensis S 15' x 15' White flowers in spring, fruit in early summer, white bark
Velvet Mesquit, Common Mesquite Prosopis velutina T 15' X 15' White flowers with long stamens, seed pods
Violet Silverleaf Leucophyllum candidum S 5' X 5' Violet flowers February to May, silver-white leaves
Waterjacket, Anderson Wolfberry Lycium andersonii S 3' by 18" Butterflies and bees use flowers, songbirds eat berries
Weber's Century Plant Agave weberi Y 6' X 6' Evergreen blue-green toothed leaves, yellow flowers on 15 foot stalk (monocarpic)
Western Hackberry Celtis occidentalis T 45' x 50' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree, small green flowers in spring
Western Redbud Cercis occidentalis T 20' X 10' Showy pink, purple, or white flowers in April, rosy seed pods in May
Western Soapberry Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii T 40' X 20' Large showy flowers in May and June, deciduous
Whitebark Raspberry Rubus leucodermis P 3' x 3' Vine with small white flowers in spring and red fruit in fall
Whitebrush Aloysia gratissima S 6' X 6' White flowers March to November
White Fir Albies concolor T 30' X 12' Evergreen, popular Christmas tree, leaves have lemony fragrance
Whitethorn Acacia Acacia constricta T 15' X 10' Yellow puffballs in spring, fragrant, attractive brown pods in fall
Winterfat Ceratoides lanata S 2' X 3' Silvery leaves, white hairs on leaves
Woodland Strawberry Frageria vesca ssp. californica P 6" x 9' White flowers in spring, red fruit in summer, ground cover
Wooly Bluecurls Trichostema lanatum P 4' X 4' Blue-pink flowers in spring and fall, fragrant
Wooly Indian Paintbrush Castilleja foliolosa P 3' X 3' Showy orange to red flowers March through June
Wooly Milkweeed Asclepias eriocarpa P 3' X 3' Profuse large clusters of pink-white flowers
Woolly Paper Flower Psilostrophe tagetina P 1' X 1' Yellow flowers bloom early in spring and last for a long time eventually turning into dry and paper-like, fragrant
Yarrow Achillea millefolium californica P 3' X 3' White to near white, sometimes pink, flat topped cluster of small flowers from mid-spring to early winter, fragrant