Language: Northern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers None      
The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/gatherer mountain and desert cultures. The Gabrielino delineation was a result of the Spanish missionization which separated the tribe from the so called Serrano. The Gabrielino herein include the so-called Fernandeño and/or Tataviam. They occupied the entire Los Angeles basin and along the coast from below Malibu Creek to Aliso Creek, the western San Bernardino Valley to Cucumonga, and Santa Catalina, and San Clemente Islands.  The Gabrielino were destroyed as a culture by missionization, harsh treatment by Spanish overlords, and European introduced diseases. A few descendants remain today.  The tribe is not federally recognized.
Aboriginal Locations
Ahura, Ahau, Akura-nga, Aleupki-nga, Apachia, Asuksa, Awi, Carpenter's, Chokish-nga, Chowi, Cucumonga, Engva, Hahamo, Hout, Hutuk, Isantka-nga, Jaboneria, Kawe, Kinki, Kukamo, La Presa, Lukup, Masou, Mau, Mission Vieja, Moyo, Nakau-nga, Pahav, Pasino, Pavunga, Pear Orchard, Pimoka-nga, Pimu, Pisek, Pubu, Puvunga, Rancho de los Ybarras, San Clemente Island, Sehat, Shua, Siba, Sisitkano-nga, Sona-nga, Tibaha, Toibi
Present Locations
Absorbed into dominant culture
Groups with recognition petitions pending:
Year History
500 BC  Archeological estimate of arrival time, though not first residents of area
1520  Spanish explorers visited Santa Catalina Island
1542  Contact with Cabrillo
1602  Viscaino received peacefully by Indians
1769  Portola arrived via land route
1771  Mission San Gabriel Arcangel founded
1781  Pueblo de Los Angeles founded
1785  Revolt under medicine woman Toypurina
1797  Mission San Fernando Rey España founded
1821  Much of tribe indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1840  Smallpox epidemic
1842  Gold discovered in Placerita Canyon
1850  Gabrielino company recruited by Mexico for war with United States
1860  Smallpox epidemic
1973  Some residents of city of San Gabriel claimed Gabrielino descendance
Year Population Source
1700  5,000 NAHDB calculation
1770  5,000 Kroeber estimate
1800  4,000 NAHDB calculation
1900  50 NAHDB calculation 
1910  0 Kroeber estimate
2000  300 NAHDB projection
Other speakers of the same language:
Kitanemuk, Serrano
Gabrielino links:
About Puvunga
Agua Dulce Man Preserves Tataviam Past
American Indians Celebrate Past
Antelope Valley Indian Peoples
Before Columbus
Before the Arrival of the Spanish
Cal Poly Rain Bird Biotrek Ethnobotany Learning Center
A Cowery Shell Artifact from Bolsa Chica ...
Culture and Ethnobotany
Extreme Late Holocene Climate Change in Coastal Southern California
Fall Harvest of Nuts and Seeds
Fernandeno Shell Beads
Fernandeno-Tataviam Tribe
Gabrielino Authors
Gabrielino Heritage May Be Proven With DNA Studies
Gabrielino Indian Tribe
Gabrielino Tongva Dispute Escalates
Gabrielino Tongva Language
Gabrielino/Tongva Nation
Gabrielino Tongva Recognition
Gabrielino/Tongva Springs Foundation
Gabrielino Tongva Tribe
Gabrielino Tribe
Gabrielino in Palos Verdes
Gabrielino Whale Effigy
Haramokngna American Indian Cultural Center
History of the Los Angeles River
Indians of California;  South Coast Region
Kah-hur-ahang - Tongva-Gabrielino Name for the Great Blue Heron
L. A.'s Original Peoples
Los Angeles Pre-History
Mission San Gabriel Arcangel - Mission Indian Records (1811)
Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana
Native American Water Craft
Playa Vista Archeological and Historical Project
Rain Bird Ethnobotany Learning Center
A Red Ochre Cogged Stone from Orange County
Pictographs:  Tongva (Gabrielino)
Robert Orduno - Gabrielino
Serrano-Gabrielino Language
Tataviam Archeological Research Project
Tataviam Indians
Tataviam Indians and Vasquez Rocks - Photo Gallery
Tataviam Language
The Tongva
Tongva (Gabrielino)
Tongva (Gabrielino) House
Tongva History
Tongva Language and Culture
Tongva Medicinal Plants
Tongva Nation
ongva Native Garden
The Tongva
Tongva Ezhibit:  Santa Fe Springs Public Library ...
The Tongva Memorial
The Tongva People of Sunland-Tujunga Student project
Tongva Tribe
Tongva Village Mural
Tremor Tales - The Turtle Story
Wild Foods of the Gabrielino

Last update 07/13/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press