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Eel River Tribes

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Ethnie: EEL RIVER TRIBES
Language: Wailakian
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California
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The Eel River tribes were sedentary hunter/gatherer ethnies. They lived along the Eel River and tributaries and as far east as the head of the Mad River. They were all but destroyed by the gold rush miners and settlers. Large numbers have absorbed into other cultures.
Tribes
Lassik, Nongatl, Sinkyone
Present Locations
Some descendents scattered in aboriginal territories.
Year History
  900 Probable California arrival date
1850 Probable influx of miners and settlers into territory with ensuing violence, large group of Chilula massacred by Lassik trying to return home from internment
Year Population Source
1700 2000 NAHDB calculation
1770 2000 Kroeber
1800 2000 NAHDB calculation
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 100 Kroeber
2000 500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahto, Wailaki
Eel River Tribes Sites
Biography of Lucy's Father  http://www.blocksburg.com/history/lucy_young/father.shtml
C. Hart Merriam Map   http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~ammon/tsnungwe/map.html
Congressional History (Round Valley)  http://www.covelo.net/tribes/pages/tribes_rvcongress.html
Headwaters and Heartlands    http://www.humboldt.net/~gaiajah/headwate.html
Humbolt History  http://www.northcoast.com/~duopens/histtwo.html
Intertribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council  http://www.pacificsites.com/~mec/GROUPS/Sinkyone.html
Lassik Language    http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/6010/laindex.html
The Lolangkok Sinkyone  http://members.tripod.com/tracker777/indians.html
Lucy Young Biography  http://www.blocksburg.com/history/lucy_young/lucy_bio.shtml
Nongatl Language    http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/6010/noindex.html
Return of the Sinkyone  http://www.tpl.org/tier3_cd.cfm?content_item_id=1448&folder_id=966
Round Valley Indian Reservation History  http://www.covelo.net/tribes/pages/tribes_history.html
SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/wailaki.html
Sinkyone Intertribal State Park  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/art/basket/sinkyone.html
Sinkyone Tribe  http://www-personal.umich.edu/~gregoryd/sinkyone.html
Copyright 2000 by Four Directions Institute