Eel River Tribes

California Indians Main Page


Language: Wailakian
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California
The Eel River tribes were sedentary hunter/gatherer ethnies. They lived along the Eel River and tributaries and as far east as the head of the Mad River. They were all but destroyed by the gold rush miners and settlers. Large numbers have absorbed into other cultures.
Lassik, Nongatl, Sinkyone
Present Locations
Some descendents scattered in aboriginal territories.
Year History
  900 Probable California arrival date
1850 Probable influx of miners and settlers into territory with ensuing violence, large group of Chilula massacred by Lassik trying to return home from internment
Year Population Source
1700 2000 NAHDB calculation
1770 2000 Kroeber
1800 2000 NAHDB calculation
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 100 Kroeber
2000 500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahto, Wailaki
Eel River Tribes Sites
Biography of Lucy's Father
C. Hart Merriam Map
Congressional History (Round Valley)
Headwaters and Heartlands
Humbolt History
Intertribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council
Lassik Language
The Lolangkok Sinkyone
Lucy Young Biography
Nongatl Language
Return of the Sinkyone
Round Valley Indian Reservation History
SFSU Narrative
Sinkyone Intertribal State Park
Sinkyone Tribe
Copyright 2000 by Four Directions Institute