Ethnie: ENO
Language: Eno
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Eno were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe that suffered early from the European arrival as well as from conflicts with other tribes.  The Eno are listed as Southeastern Siouan herein and considered so by Swanton, Lawson lists them as having a village among the Iroquoian Tuscarora and therefore a component, and Speck suggested they were an Algonquian speaking Powhatan band.
      The Eno were located on the Eno River in present Orange and Durham Counties, North Carolina. They were said to have valiantly resisted Spanish advances. The survivors of the White intrusion confederated with the Catawba.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
NC    (1 [?])
Present Locations
Confederated into the Catawba in SC
Year History
1671 Mentioned by Lederer; later smallpox epidemic
1701 Mentioned by Lawson as occupying a town with the Shakori
1714 Moved toward Virginia settlements with other tribes
1743 Joined Catawba
Year Total NC  Pop. Source
1600 1,500   Mooney estimate
1700 100 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Keyauwee, Sissipahaw
Eno Indians Sites:
Cultural History of the Eno River Basin
Eno Indian Tribe History
Eno Tribe
Indian Trader John Lawson's Journal

Last updated 11/14/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press