Eel River Tribes


Language: Wailakian
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California





Speakers None      
     The Eel River tribes were sedentary hunter/gatherers. They lived along the Eel River and tributaries and as far east as the head of the Mad River. They were all but destroyed by the gold rush miners and settlers. Large numbers have absorbed into other cultures.
Lassik, Nongatl, Sinkyone
Present Locations
Some descendents scattered in aboriginal territories.
Year History
  900 Probable California arrival date
1850 Probable influx of miners and settlers into territory with ensuing violence, large group of Chilula massacred by Lassik trying to return home from internment
Year Population Source
1700 2000 NAHDB calculation
1770 2000 Kroeber
1800 2000 NAHDB calculation
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 100 Kroeber
2000 500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahto, Wailaki
Eel River Tribes Sites
Athapaskan Languages of California
Bear-Woman and Deer-Woman:  A Lassik Legend
Bitter Memories at Round Valley
C. Hart Merriam Map
Eel River Athapaskans
Excerpt from No Room of their Own
Ida Rae Igli
Indian Myths of Central California
Inter-Tribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council
Lassik Indian Tribe
Lassik Language
Mattole-Wailaki Language Family Tree
Nongatl Language
(Northspeakers) and Their Neighbors
Return Stolen Land this Columbus (sic) Day
Round Valley Congressional History
Sinkyone Language
Sinkyone Victory:  A Dream Comes Closer
Sinkyone Washout
Tribal and Native Lands Project
Wailaki Language
Wailaki Language
Wailaki - SFSU Narrative
Last updated 07/'12/07   Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press