Ethnie: CUSABO
Language: Cusabo
Family: Muskhogean
Stock: Muskhogean
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers Language extinct
      The Cusabo were a sedentary coastal hunter/farmer nation. They occupied the southernmost part of South Carolina between Charleston Harbor and the Savannah River. They suffered severely from White conflicts before confederating with Creeks.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
SC   Coosa, Cusabo (11)
Present Locations
Confederated with the Creeks, most of whom are in OK
Year History
1521 Met by slave hunting expedition sent out by Vasques de Ayllon, about 70 carried off; one taken to Spain, he provided data to Peter Martyr
1525 Second slave expedition failed
1562 Ribault established a colony at Port Royal, soon abandoned
1564 Huguenot colony established on St. Johns River, Florida
1565 Colony destroyed by Spanish, but rebuilt and named Fort San Felipe
1576 Indian revolt forced abandonment of Fort San Felipe
1582 Continued to occupy Fort San Felipe
1633 Mission built called Chatuache, lasted for twenty years
1670 Smallpox epidemic sometime after this year
1682 Land concession
1711 Accompanied Col. Barnwell against Tuscarora
1712 Granted island of Palawana
1720 Probably joined Creeks or went to Florida
Year Total SC Population Source
  4,000   NAHDB aboriginal estimate
1600 3,400   Mooney estimate
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1715 535 South Carolina census
1726 55   San Antonio Mission
1728 0   San Antonio Mission
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cusabo Sites:
Creek Indian Tribe
Creek Indian Tribes
Creek people
South Carolina Indian Tribes

Last updated 11/07/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press