Language: Cowlitz
Family: Inland Tsamosan
Stock: Tsamosan
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 2? All elderly
   The Cowlitz were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived along the lower and middle course of the Cowlitz River in southwest Washington.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (2)
Present Locations
WA  Chehalis Reservation, Oakville
         Puyallup Reservation, Puyallup
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark
1811 Astoria founded
1824 Visited by John Worth from an inland route, smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic
1830 Malaria and flu epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1864 Treaty, assigned to reservation
1877 Joined by Kwaiilk
Year  Population Source
1700 300 NAHDB calculation 
1800 250 NAHDB calculation
1877 127 Official
1900 150 NAHDB calculation
1910 105 Census
2000 1,400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cowlitz Sites:
Atchison, Candy, Cowlitz Artist
Cowlitz Baskets
Cowlitz Casino Resort
Cowlitz Indian Tribe
Cowlitz Language
Cowlitz Language
Cowlitz Linguistic Lineage
Cowlitz Recognition
Cowlitz Recognition
Cowlitz Tribe
Cowlitz Tribe
Lower Cowlitz Language
Mt. St. Helens Native American Tribal Folklore
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany
Turtle Island Storyteller Christina Dupres

Last updated 10/31/07 Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press