Language: Coquille dialect of Tolowa-Galice
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 5 1977 SIL for entire language
     The Coquille was a sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe of the area of the Coquille River drainage and a small portion of Coos Bay at South Slough.  The Pacific Coast Athapaskans arrived in the area late in the first millennium from Canada.  The tribe was placed, with others, on the Coast Reservation as a result of the Rogue River Wars, and later all were removed to the Siletz Reservation where they confederated with other tribes while others filtered by to their aboriginal territories.
Aboriginal Locations
OR 37 villages
Oregon Present Locations
Coqiuille Indian Tribe, North Bend
Year History
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic
1853 Rogue River gold discovery
1855 Rogue River War began with Lupton Massacre followed by Capt. John Rampage killing up to 40 Whites ... the Galice attack, and battles at Hungry Hill and Black Bar
1856 Gold Beach Uprising, 12 Indians killed at Massacre Rock, up to 30 killed at Meadows Battle, Indians surrendered after Battle of Big Bend, 1,200 moved to the Coast Reservation
1954 Termination Act terminated tribe
1989 Tribal status restored
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 3,700 NAHDB calculation
1800 3,700 NAHDB calculation
1900 200 NAHDB calculation
2000 800 Tribe
2000 800 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
OR:  Chasta Costa, Chetco, Talushtuntude, Tututni, Umpqua CA:  Tolowa
Coquille Sites:
Constitution of the Coquille Tribe
Coquille Indian Tribe
Coquille Indian Tribe
Coquille Indian Tribe
Coquille Indian Tribe, Portland Office
Coquille Language
Coquille Linguistic Lineage
Coquille Restoration
Coquille Tribal Forest
Indians of the Coast
New Wealth of History ...
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany
Oregon Indian Tribes
Salmon Ceremonies
Southwest Oregon Research Project
Tututni Language

Last updated 10/29/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press