Language: Nanticoke
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Conoy were a sedentary hunter/ farmer tribe. They lived between the Potomac River and the western shore of the Chesapeake. They probably lived on the Kanawha River prior to that. Most confederated with other tribes as a result of White pressure though some in their aboriginal territory claim ancestry.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Subtribes)
Present Locations
MD   Maryland Indian Heritage Society
         Piscataway Conoy Condeferacy
         Piscataway Indian Nation
Year History
1634 Met by Smith and Maryland colonists, Jesuit mission established; population diminished rapidly, assigned tract near Washington
1670 Smallpox epidemic soon after this year
1675 Attacked by Susquehanna, moved up Potomac, later to Susquehanna R.
1742 Living at Conestoga, gradually moved northward
1765 Settled in southern New York, later 150 joined Delaware and Mahican
Year Total MD Pop. Source
1600 2,000 Mooney estimate
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1800 50 NAHDB calculation
1900 50 NAHDB calculation 
2000 200 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Conoy Sites:
Cedarville Band of Piscataway Indians
Conoy Authors
Conoy Indian Tribe
Nanticoke Language
Nanticoke Language
Nanticoke Linguistic Lineage
Piscataway Conoy Indinas
Piscataway Conoy tribe loses bid for state recognition
Piscataway Indian Museum
Piscataway Indian Nation
Piscataway Indian Nation
Piscatawy Indinas
Piscataway Nation

Last updated 10/20/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press