Language: Catawba
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Congaree were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. Their ancestors were among the greater Siouans who crossed the Appalachians into the Carolinas displacing the previous inhabitants. They were located in the general area of the present state capital, Columbia. Those of the tribe not enslaved by the colonists joined their close relatives the Catawba.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
SC    (1)
Present Locations
Confederated with the Catawba
Year History
1701 Located on Santee River south of mouth of the Wateree, Lawson mentioned that they had lost many of their numbers due to intestine boils and smallpox, and that they domesticated cranes and storks
1716 Took part against whites Yamasee War, more than half were captured and sent to West Indies as slaves, the remainder joined the Catawba
Year Total NC  Pop. Source
1600 800 Mooney estimate
1700 800 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Catawba, Cheraw, Santee, Sewee, Wateree, Waxhaw, Woccon
Congaree Sites:
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language Department
Catawba Linguistic Lineage
Congaree Indian Tribe History

Last updated 10/29/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press