Coeur d'Alene



Language: Coeur d'Alene
Family: Southern Interior Salish
Stock: Interior Salishan
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Plateau
Speakers 5 or fewer    1999 McDonald
     The Coeur d'Alene were hunter/gatherer tribes or the Northwestern Plateau.  They were located on the headwaters of the Spokane River above Spokane Falls including Coeur d'Alene Lake and the Clearwater.  They were missionized by Catholics before experiencing conflicts with White settlers.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
ID (28), WA (5)
Oregon Present Locations
ID Coeur d'Alene Reservation, Plummer, some confederated into the Colville in WA
Year History
1781 Smallpox epidemic
1805 Lewis and Clark passed through territory, aided by Nez Perce
1809 David Thompson established Kullyspell House trading post on Lake Pend d'Orielle
1810 David Thompson established Spokane House
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed; Jesuit Fr. Nicolas Point, companion of Fr. de Smet, established Sacred Heart (now de Smet) mission among tribe
1842 Tribe visited by Fr. de Smet
1873 Reservation established by Executive Order 
1909 Lost 80% of reservation due to Homestead Act
1911 Dam built at Spokane Falls destroyed primary fishery
Year U.S. Population ID WA Source
1700 5,000 4,000 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 1,000 Mooney estimate
1800 700 500 200 NAHDB calculation
1900 500 500 NAHDB calculation (OR, ID absorbed by others)
1904 494 US Indian Office
1937 608 US Indian Office
1973 557 BIA
1981 822 BIA
1989 1,100 BIA estimate
2000 1,600 NAHDB calculation
2003 1.650 Tribe
Other speakers of the same language:
Coeur d'Alene Sites:
About the Coeur d'Alene Indians
Alexie, Sherman, Biography
Coeur d'Alene
Coeur d'Alene Authors
Coeur d'Alene Casino
Coeur d'Alene Indians
Coeur d'Alene Indian Teepee
Coeur d'Alene Julyamsh Pow Wow
Coeur d'Alene Language
Coeur d'Alene Language'Alene/
Coeur d'Alene Linguistic Lineage
Coeur d'Alene Profile
Coeur d'Alene (Schitsu'umsh)
Coeur d'Alene (Schitsu'Umsh)
Coeur d'Alenes Have People with Vision
Coeur d'Alene Tribal History
Coeur d'Alene Tribal School
Coeur d'Alene Tribe
Coeur d'Alene Tribe
Coeur d'Alene Tribe
Coeur d'Alene Vocabulary
Cordage People - Coeur d'Alene Tribe'Alene_temp.htm
... Establishing Coeur d'Alene and Fort Hall Reservations
Hearth of the Awl:  People of the Panhandle Rivers'Alene_temp.htm
Matheson, Dave, and Red Thunder
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany
Oregon Trail
Schitsu'umsh:  Coeur d'Alene Indians
"Smoke Signals"

Last updated 10/22/07 Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press