Ethnie: COCOPAH (Cocopa)
Language: Delta-California Yuman
Family: Yuman
Stock: Western Hokan
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Colorado River
Speakers 520      1998 Peter Larson (US and Mexico)
     The Cocopa were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe of the Colorado River delta with their aboriginal territory in Mexico.  The Gadsden Purchase placed much of the tribe in the United States.  They suffered in conflicts with other Colorado River tribes and from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations
MX  11 villages with two villages Mountain and River
Arizona Present Locations
Cocopa Reservation, Somerton
Colorado River Reservation, Parker
Year History
1540 Met by Hernando de Alarcon
1604 Met by Francisco de Escobar
1701 Met by Kino
1776 Met by Francisco Garces who failed in an attempt to missionize tribe
178X Joined by Halykwami
1826 Visited by R. W. H. Hardy
1850 Joined Yuma and Cahuilla in outbreak at Cupeno village over taxes
1853 Gadsden Purchase placed much of Cocopa territory in U.S.
1900 Smallpox epidemic
1917 Cocopah Indian Reservation created by Executive Order signed by President Woodrow Wilson
1964 Tribe established its first constitution
1985 Tribe gained 4,200 acres via Cocopah Land Acquisition Bill signed by President Ronald Reagon
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 700 NAHDB calculation
1901 450 Chittendon
1973 360 BIA
1974 500 Tribal roll
1980 571 Tribal roll
1981 835 BIA
1989 677 BIA
2000 800 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Diegueno (Kumeyaay), Halykwami, Kamia, Kohuana
Cocopa Sites:
Cocopah Authors
Cocopah Baby Bark Skirt 1977
Cocopah Casino
Cocopah Indian Crafts
Cocopah Indian Tribe
Cocopah Reservation
Coccopa Indian History
Cocopa Indian Language
Cocopa Indians
Cocopa Indians
Cocopa Language
Cocopa Linguistic Lineage
Colorado River Culture and Ethnobotany
Colorado River Mud  1980
Heavily Used Colorado River ...
Original Cocopa Law ...
Planners Seek Water to Revive Mexico's Colorado River Delta
Who Is a Tribal Indian ...?

Last updated 10/22/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press