Language Kwalhioqua-Clatskanie
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
     The Pacific Coast Athapaskans arrived in the area late in the first millennium from Canada.  The Clatskanie were a bellicose sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe of Oregon mountains about the Clatskanie River.  They were known to charge a toll for passage down the Columbia River and were greatly feared.  They apparently relocated late from the prairies bordering the Chehalis River in Washington.  They were most closely related to the Kwalhioqua, the only other Athapaskans of the immediate area.
Aboriginal Locations
WA  Number of village unknown
Oregon Present Locations
Year History
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark
1811 Astoria established
1824 Probably affected by smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts follwed
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 1,600 NAHDB calculation
1780 1,600 Mooney
1800 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1825 175 Simpson estimate
1851 8 Swanton
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
WA  Kwalhioqua
Clatskanie Sites:
Clatskanie and Clatskanie River
Clatskanie's History
Clatskanie Indians
Clatskanie Language
Clatskanie Linguistic Lineage
Northwest:  Chinookan Culture and Ethnobotany

Last updated 10/22/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press