Language: Powhatan
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Chowanoc were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They were located on the Chowan River about the junction of the Meherrin and Blackwater Rivers in North Carolina. They suffered from conflicts with the neighbor nations and the Whites. They were absorbed into the Tuscarora, their former enemies.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
NC    (6)
Present Locations
Confederated with the Tuscarora now in NY and ON
Year History
1584 Met by Europeans
1663 Treaty with English
1670 Smallpox epidemic soon after this year
1675 Violated treaty and began war
1676 Defeated by British, placed on a reservation on Bennett's Creek
1707 Reservation size reduced from 12 square miles to 6
1712 Sided with colonists in Tuscarora War
1723 Placed on reservation with Tuscarora and incorporated
Year Total NC Pop. Source
1600 1,500 Mooney estimate
1700 250 NAHDB calculation
1713 240   Mooney estimate
1755 5   Governor Dobbs
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Hatteras, Machapunga, Moratok, Pamilco, Powhatan, Weapemeoc
Chowanoc Sites:
Algonkian Ethnohistory of the Carolina Sound
Cultural Anthropology of Indian Villages
Chowanoc Indians
Chowanoc Indian Tribe
Powhatan Dictionary
Powhatan Language
Powhatan Language
Powhatan Linguistic Lineage
White-De Bry Map of Virginia (1590)

Last updated 10/22/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press