Dialect: Chipewyan
Language: Hare-Chipewyan
Family: Athapaskan
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Rocky Mountains
Speakers 4,000     (1995 M. Krausse)  
Aboriginal Location
Present Locations
AB Cold Lake First Nation, Cold Lake
  Fort Chipewyan Indian Band, Fort Chipewyan
  Fort McKay First Nation, Fort McMurray
  Fort McMurray First Nation Band, Fort McMurray
  Janvier Indian Band, Chard
MB Barren Lands First Nation, Brocket
  Northlands Indian Band, Lac Brochet
  Sayisi Dene First Nation Band, Lynn Lake
NT Fort Resolution Band, Fort Resolution
  Lutsel K'e Dene Band (formerly Snowdrift Band), Snowdrift
SK Buffalo River Dene First Nation, Dillon
  English River First Nation, Putuanak
  Fond Du Lac Indian Band, Fon Du Lac
  Turnor Lake Indian Band, Turnor Lake
Year History
1670 Hudson Bay Company chartered
1697 The Cree, having guns received from traders, drove the Chipewyan north and east of their aboriginal territories
1700 Chipewyan became middlemen beween traders and tribes to the south
1715 Churchill and 150 Cree visited to make peace and begin trade
1717 Churchill post established
1718 Chipewyan were living on Peace River, but after Cree obtained guns and drove Slaveys tribe from Slave River, the Chipewyan drove off Cree and stayed on Slave River
1730 Approximate date Alberta Indians acquired horses and guns
1769 Visited by Hearne
1784 Smallpox epidemic killed 90% of Chipewyans
1795 Edmonton House was built on the Upper Saskatchewan River
1798 Fort Chipewyan was relocated to its present site on the northwest shore of Lake Atabasca
1804 David Thompson visited Fort Chipewyan to tie in his map of the Great North West
1805 Simon Fraser visited Fort Chipewyan on his way to the Pacific Ocean
1841 Reverand James Evans, a Methodist, was the first missionary to visit Fort Chipewyan
1847 Father Alexander Tache, o.m.i., was the First Roman Catholic missionary to vist Fort Chipewyan, on his second visit in 1848 he chose the site for the Catholic mission
1858 Catholic mission established by Fr. Henry Farraud
1881 Smallpox epidemic
1887 The Great Famine
1897 Indian Treaty No. 8 was signed by Alexander Laviolette for the Chipewyan
1920 Spanish Flu killed many people in Fort Chipewyan, mass graves were dug where the Hudson's Bay Store now stands.
1948 Measles epidemic
Year . Population AB MB NT SK   Source
1670 3,500           Mooney estimate
1700 3,500 3,500         NAHDB calculation
1800 3,500 900 400 400 1,300   NAHDB calculation
1900 2,500 700 400 400 1,000   NAHDB calculation
1923 2,420           Official
1970 5,362           CDIA
2000 8,000 3,000 1,500 1,000 2,500   NAHDB calculation
2005 8,358           Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Hare, Dogrib, Mountain, Slavey, Yellowknife
Chipewyan Tribe Sites:
Athabaska Chipewyan First Ntion
Barren Lands First Nation
Battle on a Frozen Lake
Bearclaw Jewelry
Buffalo River Dene First Nation
Buffalo River Dene Nation
Chipewyan Authors
Chipewyan Band
Chipewyan/Dene Language
Chipewyan Language
Chipewyan Language
Chipewyan Language
Chipewyan Linguistic Lineage
Chipewyan Nation
Chipewyan Prairie First Nation
Chipewyan Prairie First Nation
Chipewyan Prairie First Nation
Chippewa and Chipewyan Indians of Canada
Churchill Indian Reserve No. 1
Cold Lake Indian Reserve #149
Dene Suline/Soline Literature
English River First Nation
English River First Nation
Etheneldeli Indian Tribe History
Fort Chipewyan
Fort Chipewyan
Fort Chipewyan - Historical Timeline
Fort McKay First Nation
Fort McKay No. 174 AB
Fort McMurray #468 First Nation
Fort McMurray First Nation Sign
Francois Beaulieu
Fur Trade
History of the Denesuliné (Dene) in Northern Saskatchewan
Human History of Far North Saskatchewan
Hunting and Trapping in Northern Saskatchewan
Justice to Churchill Dene-Chipewyan Band of Manitoba-July6,1989
Knife and Hatchet
Lac la Biche Mission
Legend of the Big Bird
Lutsel K'e
Lutsel K'e Dene Band
Mayor Says Pilot the Best
North Wind Dreaming
Peace River History
Peoples of Fort Chipewyan
Sayisi Dene First Nation and Northlands Dene First Nation
Smith's Landing First Nation Chronology
Traditional Tribes of Great Slave
Tragic Events at Frog Lake and Fort Pitt During the North West Rebellion
Use of Computers in Isolated Communities

Last updated 10/12/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press