Chinookan Tribes



Language: Lower Chinookan
Family: Chinookan
Stock: Chinookan
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 12 1996 
     The Chinookan Tribes were sedentary, relied heavily on fishing, and were avid traders including the trading of slaves.  They were located on the north side of the Columbia River north to Grays Bay and north along the seacoast to Shoalwater Bay.  The Clatsop were on the south side of the Columbia River from Tongue Point to the mouth and south along the coast to Tillamook Point.  Theirs was the lingua franca (trade language) of the region.  They suffered enormously from the White influx even though they had good relations with the early White traders.
Aboriginal Locations
OR  Clatsop 6 villages
WA Chinook 27 Villages
Oregon Present Locations
WA Chehalis Reservation, Oakville
OR  Grande Ronde Reservation, Grande Ronde
WA  Shoalwater Reservation, Tokeland
Year History
1792 Visited by Robert Gray and John Boit, and later by Capt. George Vancouverr
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark who wintered at Fort Clatsop near present Astoria
1811 Astoria founded; David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population 80%)
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1847 Measles epidemic
1855 Washington Chinook joined Chehalis
1856 Oregon Grande Ronde Reservation established
1875 Clatsop moved to Grande Ronde Reservation
1956 Grande Ronde Reservation terminated
1974 Confederated Tribes of Grande Ronde established 
2001 BIA recognized Chinook Nation of Washington
Year U.S. Population OR WA Source
1700 1,100 200 900 NAHDB calculation
1780 1,100 Mooney estimate
Chinook  800
Clatsop   300
1800 1,100 NAHDB calculation
1806 700 100 900 Lewis and Clark
400 Chinook (on Columbia only)
300 Clatsop
1851 300 Swanton (Soon absorbed into other tribes)
1900 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Chinookan Tribes Sites:
Buried Treasure:  Archeologists ...
Capitalizing the Chinook
Chinook Artifacts Found
Chinook Authors
Chinook Book
Chinook Creation Myth
Chinook Dictionary, Catechism, Prayers, and Hymns
Chinook Indian
Chinook Indian Hat
Chinook Indian Jargon
Chinook Indians
Chinook Indians
Chinook Indian Tribe
Chinook Jargon
Chinook Jargon
Chinook Jargon
Chinook Jargon and How to Use It
Chinook Language
Chinook Linguistic Lineage
Chinook Literature
Chinook Literature
Chinook Nation
Chinook Nation
Chinook Native Americans
Chinook People
Chinook Rudiments
Chinook Texts
Chinook Tribe
Chinook Tribes
Chinook Wawa Language
Clackamas People
Dictionary of Chinook Jargon
Dictionary of Chinook Jargon
Legend of the Chinook Indians
Legends of Vancouver
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural
Lewis and Clark:  Chinook on the Columbia
Lower Chinook and Clatsop
Lower Chinookan Language
Lower Columbia River Indains
Northwest:  Chinookan Culture and Ethnobotany
Once Dying Chinook Language ...
Potlatch of the Northwest Coast
She Who Watches
Tenas Wawa - Chinook Jargon
US Recognizes Chinook Tribe

Last updated 10/12/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press