Ethnie: CHIAHA
Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
      The Chiaha were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe located on the Tennessee River about the Alabama/Tennessee border. Their first historic location was in Georgia along the middle course of the Chatahoochee. They were early allies of the Creek. The Miccosuki may have fissioned from the Chiaha [?]. Conflicts with the Whites forced the Chiaha to ultimately join the Creek Confederacy.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
AL  (1)
TN  (1)
Present Locations
Chiaha confederated with Creek in OK
Year History
1541 DeSoto spent 30 days in a Chiaha village
1567 Pardo met tribe who later destroyed his small garrison; tribe consisted of two groups
1715 Living among Yamasee, soon removed to Chatahoochee in GA
1838 Removed to OK
1870 Tribe assimilated into Creek Confederacy after Civil War
Year Total Pop. AL GA TN Source
1700 700 350   350 NAHDB calculation
1738 600         Spanish census (120 warriors)
1800 600   600   NAHDB calculation
1838 600         Census
1900 0       NAHDB calculation 
2000 0       NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Apalachicola, Hitchiti, Miccosukee, Oconee, Ocmulgee, Sawokli, Tamathli, Yamasee
Chiaha Sites:
Miccosuki Language
Mikasuki Language
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage

Last updated 10/06/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press