etco Tolowa-Galice
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 5 1977 SIL
     The Chetco were a sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe of Oregon's Chetco River.  The Pacific Coast Athapaskans arrived in the area late in the first millennium from Canada.  The tribe was placed, with others, on the Coast Reservation as a result of the Rogue River Wars, and later some were removed to the Siletz Reservation where they confederated with other tribes.  Others confederated with the Tututni and settled in their ancestral territory.
Aboriginal Locations
OR with 4 to 6 villages
Oregon Present Locations
Confederated Tribes of Siletz, Siletz 
Confederated Tribes of the Lower Rogue, Agness (applied for Federal recognition)
Year History
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic
1853 Rogue River gold discovery
1855 Rogue River War began with Lupton Massacre followed by Capt. John Rampage killing up to 40 Whites ... the Galice attack, and battles at Hungry Hill and Black Bar
1856 Gold Beach Uprising, 12 Indians killed at Massacre Rock, up to 30 killed at Meadows Battle, Indians surrendered after Battle of Big Bend, 1,200 moved to the Coast Reservation
1875 Some removed to Siletz Reservation, others confederated with Tututni and returned to ancestral territory
1956 Siletz Reservation terminated
1977 Confederated Tribes of Siletz founded
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 300 NAHDB calculation
1800 300 NAHDB calculation
1854 241 Swanton
1861 262 Swanton
1877 63 Swanton
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 9 US Indian Office
1977 100 SIL
2000 200 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
CA: Tolowa; OR: Chasta Costa, Siletz Confederacy, Talushtuntude, Tututni, Umpqua
Chetco Sites:
Arts Build Communities Grant
Bloodshed Near Crescent City
Brookings History
Chetco Dialect
Chetco Tribe
Confederated Tribes of Siletz
Elder Helps Save Tribal Langauage ...
Federal Recognition Struggle
First Residents Were the Chetco
Index to Siletz Reservation Documents
Indian Wars of Southern Oregon
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany
Oregon Cultural Trust
Oregon History - Indian Wars
Oregon Indian Tribes
Settlers Hang Indians for Murder
Siletz Burials
Tolowa-Galice Language
Tolowa-Galice Linquistic Lineage
Unrecognized Tribes in Oregon

Last updated 10/06/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press