Ethnie: CHERAW
Language: Catawba
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Cheraw were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe located about the head of the Saluda River in North Carolina. The eastern Siouans fissioned from the greater Siouan culture about 1,000 B. C. and crossed the Appalachians, displacing the previous inhabitants. They suffered greatly from conflicts with the larger nations of the area as well as colonists. Many of the survivors absorbed into the Keyauwee and Catawba.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
NC  ?
Present Locations
Confederated with the Keyauwee and later the Catawba
Year History
1540 Visited by De Soto (called Xuala)
1670 Smallpox epidemic sometime after this year
169X Moved to Virginia
1710 Moved southeast and joined Keyauwee due to Iroquois attack, then attacked by North Carolina
1726 Joined Catawba
1759 Joined English against Ft. Duquesne
Year Total NC  Pop. Source
1600 1,200 Mooney estimate
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1715 140   Census
1768 50   Swanton
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Catawba, Congaree, Santee, Sewee, Wateree, Waxhaw, Woccon
Cheraw Sites:
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language Department
Catawba Linguistic Lineage
Cheraw Indian Tribe History
FDI - Lumbee
Su Sani of the Cheraw Tribe

Last updated 10/02/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press