Language: Cayuse
Family: Cayuse
Stock: Cayuse
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Plateau
Speakers 0
     The Cayuse obtained horses early and were a semi-sedenatry hunter/gatherer tribe.  They were located in Oregon, with their range to the head of the Wallawalla, Umatilla, and Grande Ronde Rivers.
     They were first friendly to the White settlers, but later started what became the Cayuse War over blame for measles.  Some later confederated into the Nez Perce, though most settled on the Umatilla Reservation.
Aboriginal Locations
OR with no subdivisions
Oregon Present Locations
ID   Nez Perce Reservation, Lapwai
OR  Umatilla Reservation, Pendleton
Year History
1780 Molala with tribe, soon fissioned
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1838 Mission established by Marcus Whitman near present Whitman
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic, Cayuse murdered Whitman (believed him to be the cause of the epidemic) and destroyed his mission; Cayuse War began.
1851 Partially merged with Nez Perce
1855 Involved in Yakima War, joined in the treaty which created the Umatilla Reservation
1878 Involved in Bannock War
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1780 500
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 400 NAHDB calculation
1904 404 Officially reported
1910 298 Census
1923 337 US Indian Office
1989 350 NAHDB estimate using BIA data
2000 400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cayuse Sites:
Cayuse Authors
Cayuse and Lewis and Clack
Cayuse and Other ...
Cayuse History
Cayuse Indian History
Cayuse Indian Language
Cayuse Indian Pony
Cayuse Indian War
Cayuse Indian War
Cayuse Indian War
Cayuse Indian Woman Eat No Meat
Cayuse Woman on Horse
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
Fourteen Die in Whitman Massacre ...
Historic Cayuse Photos
Indian Council in the Valley of the Walla Walla, Lawrence Kip, 1855
Kamiakin and the Yakima Indian War of 1855
Northeastern Oregon Natives ...
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany
Oregon Trail
Sovereignty in Tribal Government
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute
Turtle Island Storyteller Rosa Yearout
Two Cayuse Indian Girls
Two Cayuse Women
Whitman Massacre
Whitman Mission Captures History
Whitman, Narcissa and Marcus
Wright, Harrison, emigrant 1844
Young Cayuse Woman Anna Coyote
Young-chief Bronze

Last updated 10/02/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press