Language: Upper Chinookan
Family: Chinookan
Stock: Chinookan
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 69 1996 All tribes
     The Cathlamet were sedentary, relied heavily on fishing, and were avid traders including the trading of slaves.  They were on both sides of the Columbia River below the Dalles.  Chinookan Jargon was the lingua franca (trade language) of the region.  They suffered enormously from the White influx even though they had good relations with the early White traders.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR (3)
WA (2)
Oregon Present Locations
Extinct as a culture, possibly joined Yakima or Quinault
Year History
1792 Visited by Robert Gray and John Boit, and later by Capt. George Vancouverr
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark who wintered at Fort Clatsop near present Astoria
1811 Astoria founded; David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population 80%)
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1847 Measles epidemic
Year U.S. Population OR WA Source
1700 500 300 200 NAHDB calculation
1780 450 Mooney estimate
1800 300 200 100 NAHDB calculation
1806 300 Lewis and Clark
1849 58 Lane
1900 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into other tribes)
2000 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Upper Chinookans
Cathlamet Tribes Sites:
Buried Treasure:  Archeologists ...
Chinook Artifacts Found
Chinook Authors
Chinook Book
Chinook Dictionary, Catechism, Prayers, and Hymns
Chinook Indian
Chinook Indian Hat
Chinook Indian History
Chinook Indian Jargon
Chinook Indians
Chinook Indians
Chinook Jargon
Chinook Jargon
Chinook Jargon
Chinook Jargon and How to Use It
Chinook Language
Chinook Linguistic Lineage
Chinook Literature
Chinook Literature
Chinook Nation
Chinook Native Americans
Chinook People
Chinook Rudiments
Chinook Texts
Chinook Tribe  Student Project
Chinook Tribe  Student Project
Chinook Tribes
Chinook Wawa Language
Dictionary of Chinook Jargon
Dictionary of Chinook Jargon
Kathlamet Indian Language
Legend of the Chinook Indians
Legends of Vancouver
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural
Lewis and Clark:  Chinook on the Columbia
Northwest:  Chinookan Culture and Ethnobotany
Once Dying Chinook Language ...
Potlatch of the Northwest Coast
Tenas Wawa - Chinook Jargon
Upper Chinookan

Last updated 10/01/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press