Cape Fear Indians



Language: Pedee
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
      The Cape Fear Indians were a coastal hunter/farmer tribe located on the Cape Fear River who were named by early voyagers. They may have been a branch of the Waccamaw. The eastern Siouans fissioned from the Siouan culture about 1,000 BC and crossed the Appalachians displacing the previous inhabitants. The Cape Fear Indians were closely related to the Pedee, with whom they later confederated
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
NC   (5)
Present Locations
SC   Some descendants among Pedee
Year History
1661 New England colony settled on Cape Fear River, driven off after kidnapping some native children
1663 Visited by Capt. William Hilton; colony from Barbados established briefly in territory
1665 Colony settled on Oldtown Creek, soon abandoned though natives reported friendly
1670 Smallpox epidemic soon after this year
1695 Asked for protection from Governor Archdale, rescued 52 passengers shipwrecked New England vessel, survivors formed Christ Church Parish
1711 Accompanied Barnwell on Tuscarora expedition
1716 Removed to South Carolina, later joined Pedee
Year Total SC  Pop. Source
1600 1,000   Mooney estimate
1700 250 NAHDB calculation
1715 206   Census
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Pedee, Waccamaw
Cape Fear Indians Sites:
Cape Fear Indians
Cape Fear Indians
Cape Fear Indian Tribe History
Cape Fear Indian Tribe History
Charting of Cape Fear:  1525-1800
Indian Trader John Lawson's Journal
New Hanover County Early Exploration

Last updated 10/01/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press