Ethnie: BILOXI
Language: Biloxi-Ofo
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan
Phylum: Macro-Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers Extinct
      The Biloxi were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe with the main body residing on the lower course of the Pascagoula River.  They apparently arrived in the area late from north, and may have been the Capitanesses which appear on the Susquehanna River in early Dutch charts.  Some absorbed into the Choctaw but most confederated with the Tunica in Louisiana.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
Had villages in Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi
Present Locations
LA     Tunica-Biloxi Tribe, Mansura
Year History
1699 Encountered by Ibervile in Louisiana
1707 15 Biloxi warriors accompanied St. Denis to visit Chitimacha
1722 Settled on Pearl River
1730 Had settled on the Pascagoula River
1733 De Crenay map shows Biloxi village on Alabama River
1800 Some moved to Biloxi Bayou, Texas
1886 All moved to Oklahoma with the Choctaw with whom those persons are now enumerated or to Rapides Parish, Louisiana and confederated with the Tunica
Year Total Population AL LA MS Source
1699 500 LaHarpe
1700 400 100 100 200 NAHDB calculation
1800 50 50 NAHDB calculation
1805 70 Sibley
1829 65 Schoolcroft
1900 50 50 NAHDB calculation 
1908 7 Census
2000 50 50 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Ofo, Pascagoula
Biloxi Sites:
Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw of Louisiana
Biloxi Indians
Biloxi Indian Tribe History
Biloxi Language
Biloxi-Ofo Language
Biloxi-Ofo Linguistic Lineage
Louisiana Folklife Festival
Paragon Casino and Resort
Singing River Legend
Tunica-Biloxi Authors
Tunica-Biloxi Folklife
Tunica-Biloxi Master Plan
Tunica-Biloxi Today
Tunica-Biloxi Tribe
Tunica-Biloxi Tribe of Louisiana

Last updated 08/12/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press