Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Apalachicola were a hunter/farmer tribe located along the Apalachicola River in Georgia. They allied with the Spanish and Muskhogee, but were victims of attacks by the British and other tribes. The tribe ultimately joined the Creek Confederacy
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
GA  (2 0r 3)
Present Locations
Confederated with the Creek in OK and/or AL
Year History
1690 Did not allow two Franciscan missionaries to remain with tribe
1706 Heavy losses in English and Indian attacks, tribes scattered
1757 Moved to near Lower Creeks
1836 Moved to Oklahoma, and absorbed by Creek
Year Total Pop. AL GA Source
1700 500   500 NAHDB calculation
1738 315       Spanish census
1792 100       American estimate
1800 250 250   NAHDB calculation
1832 239       Census
1900 0     NAHDB calculation 
2000 0     NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Chiaha, Hitchiti, Miccosuki, Oconee, Ocmulgee, Sawokli, Tamathli, Yamasee
Apalachicola Sites:
Apalachicola River Reservations
Miccosuki Language
Mikasuki Language
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage
Northwest Florida Place Names
Observations on the Seminole Indians - 1823
Oklahoma Seminole Towns of 1900
Seminole and Apalachicola Records

Last updated 09/14/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press