Ethnie: ALSEA
Language: Alsea-Yakonan
Family: Coast Oregon Penutian
Stock: Oregon Penutian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 10 in 1930 (1977 Voeglin and Voeglin)
     The Alsea was a coastal sedentary hunter/gatherer language group located along the Alsea River to the Alsea Bay on the Central Oregon coast.  They experienced huge population losses from smallpox and ultimately joined with other tribes at Siletz, thus losing their cultural and tribal identity.
Aboriginal Locations
OR 17 villages
Oregon Present Locations
Confederated Tribes of Siletz, Siletz
Year History
1788 American ship Columbia anchored in offshore waters, noted hostility of Indian
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population by 80%)
1841 Beginning of the arrival of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts followed
1875 Removed to Siletz Reservation
1956 Siletz Reservation terminated
1977 Confederated Tribes of Siletz founded
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 1,400 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,400 NAHDB calculation
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
29 Census
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Alsea Sites:
Alsea and Lewis and Clark
Alsea and Lewis and Clark
Alsea Bay and River History
Alsea Creation Stories
Alsea Fishing Skills ...
Alsea History
Alsea Indian History
Alsea Indian Subagency
Alsea Indian Women Dress ...
Alsea Language
Alsea Language
Alsea Language
Alsea Linguistic Lineage
Confederated Tribes of Siletz
Congressional Act Moving Alsea to Siletz
Coos and Alsea Material
Index to Siletz Reservation Documents
Indians of the Coast
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany
Siletz Burials
Stealing from the Indians
Yachats "Believe it or Not"

Last updated 09/16/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press