Ethnie: ADAI
Language Group: Adai
Family: Caddo
Stock: Caddo
Phylum: Caddo
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers Extinct
       The Adai were a small sedentary hunter/farmer tribe of the Red River in Louisiana.  They were closely related to the Caddo into which some of the tribe were absorbed.  They were allied with the Spanish and missionized.  They were enemies of the French.  Some remained in Louisiana and are seeking federal recognition as a tribe.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
LA   (6)
Present Locations
LA   Caddo Adai, Robeline
OK  Others among Caddo Tribe, Anadarko
Year History
1717 Mission San Miguel de Linares established
1719 Mission destroyed by force of French and Indians
1721 Military post Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Ades established .. Texas capital for 50 years
1778 DeMeziers said tribe almost extinct
1805 Sibley reported small Adai village on Lake Macdon on Red River 
1835 Some of tribe removed to Oklahoma with Caddo
Year Total LA Population Source
1698 400 LaHarpe estimate
1700 400 NAHDB calculation
1722 400 Charlevoix estimate
1800 50 NAHDB calculation
1900 100 NAHDB calculation 
2000 800 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Adai Sites:
Adai Indian Nation
Adai Indian Nation Cultural Center
Adai Indian Nation Photos
Adai Indian Tribe
Adai Language
Caddo Language
Cane River:  People
Indian Nations in Louisiana
Los Adeas

Last updated 09/11/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press